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In mice, pheromone detection is mediated by the vomeronasal organ and the main olfactory epithelium. Male mice that are deficient for Trpc2, an ion channel specifically expressed in VNO neurons and essential for VNO sensory transduction, are impaired in sex discrimination and male-male aggression. We report here that Trpc2-/- female mice show a reduction in(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the folding, assembly and insertion of neuronal nicotinic receptors are critically dependent on the host cell line. We used recombinant adenoviruses encoding either the rat alpha7, alpha4 or beta2 subunits in which expression of the subunit is controlled by a tetracycline-dependent promoter to screen five cell lines (GH4C1,(More)
Killing cancer cells through the induction of apoptosis is one of the main mechanisms of chemotherapy. However, numerous cancer cells have primary or acquired apoptosis resistance, resulting in chemoresistance. In this study, using a novel chalcone derivative chalcone-24 (Chal-24), we identified a novel anticancer mechanism through autophagy-mediated(More)
Despite their apparent success in pre-clinical trials, metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors proved to be inefficacious in clinical settings. In an effort to understand the underlying causes of this unanticipated outcome, we modeled the consequences of long-term MMP inhibition by removing one of the major players in tumorigenesis, MMP9, in two complimentary(More)
We investigated the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) by examining [45Ca2+]influx into mouse cerebral cortical neurons. S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) induced a dose-dependent increase in [45Ca2+]influx, which was completely abolished by hemoglobin, tetrodotoxin and dibucaine. The NO-induced [45Ca2+influx was(More)
Drug resistance is a major hurdle in anticancer chemotherapy. Combined therapy using drugs with distinct mechanisms of function may increase anticancer efficacy. We have recently identified the novel chalcone derivative, chalcone-24 (Chal-24), as a potential therapeutic that kills cancer cells through activation of an autophagy-mediated necroptosis pathway.(More)
We have attempted to clarify the mechanisms for alcohol (EtOH)-induced elevation of diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI) mRNA and to investigate whether the increase in DBI mRNA is paralleled with that in DBI using EtOH-treated mice and primary cultured neurons. Both the DBI content and the expression of DBI mRNA were elevated in the cerebral cortex of(More)
It has been shown that inhaled cigarette smoke activates vagal pulmonary C fibers and rapidly adapting receptors (RARs) in the airways and that nicotine contained in the smoke is primarily responsible. This study was carried out to determine whether nicotine alone can activate pulmonary sensory neurons isolated from rat vagal ganglia; the response of these(More)
Effect of chronic treatment with nicotine on DBI and its mRNA in mouse cerebral cortex were examined. Continuous treatment of mice with nicotine significantly increased DBI content and its mRNA expression, which was completely abolished by simultaneous administration of mecamylamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.). These results indicate that chronic functional interaction(More)
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