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OBJECTIVE To conduct a randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM), a comprehensive developmental behavioral intervention, for improving outcomes of toddlers diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS Forty-eight children diagnosed with ASD between 18 and 30 months of age were randomly assigned(More)
Previous work has indicated a role for p53 in cell cycle control, genomic stability and cellular responses to DNA-damaging agents. However, few data are available for human fibroblasts heterozygous for defined germline mutations in TP53. We report studies on 25 strains derived from 12 families with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) and 18 strains from normal(More)
Li Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS) is a multicancer phenotype, most commonly associated with germ-line mutations in TP53. In a kindred with LFS without an inherited TP53 mutation, we have previously reported a truncating mutation (1100delC) in CHK2, encoding a kinase that phosphorylates p53 on Ser(20). Here, we describe a CHK2 missense mutation (R145W) in another(More)
To investigate the clinical value of somatic TP53 mutations in breast cancer, we assembled clinical and molecular data on 1,794 women with primary breast cancer with long-term follow-up and whose tumor has been screened for mutation in exons 5 to 8 of TP53 by gene sequencing. TP53 mutations were more frequent in tumors of ductal and medullar types,(More)
The hCHK2 gene encodes the human homolog of the yeast Cds1 and Rad53 G2 checkpoint kinases, whose activation in response to DNA damage prevents cellular entry into mitosis. Here, it is shown that heterozygous germ line mutations in hCHK2 occur in Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a highly penetrant familial cancer phenotype usually associated with inherited mutations(More)
Structural changes of the human retinoblastoma gene have been demonstrated previously in retinoblastoma and some clinically related tumors including osteosarcoma. Structural aberrations of the retinoblastoma locus (RB1) were observed in 25% of breast tumor cell lines studied and 7% of the primary tumors. These changes include homozygous internal deletions(More)
In 1969 Li and Fraumeni identified, from a systematic study of 648 children with rhabdomyosarcomas, five families in which a sibling or a cousin was affected by sarcoma (Li and Fraumeni, 1969a, b). A prospective study of four of the original families indicated that there was a significantly increased risk of cancer within these families, particularly(More)
We aimed to assess frequency and penetrance of BRCA1, BRCA2,and TP53 mutations in women diagnosed with breast cancer aged 30 years or younger, and then correlate this frequency with family history. 17 of 36 familial cases had a BRCA1, BRCA2, or TP53 mutation, compared with three of 63 non-familial cases. The calculated population frequency of TP53 mutations(More)
BACKGROUND Schwannomas are benign tumours of the nervous system that are usually sporadic but also occur in the inherited disorder neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). The NF2 gene is a tumour suppressor on chromosome 22. Loss of expression of the NF2 protein product, merlin, is universal in both sporadic and NF2 related schwannomas. The GTPase signalling(More)
Twenty-three cases of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), ten of which had an associated invasive component, were studied for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of microsatellite markers on chromosome 9p and the results compared with a panel of 20 invasive breast carcinomas. In addition to the gene encoding p16, chromosome 9p is also thought to contain other(More)