Jennifer V. Robertson

Learn More
In the small intestine, the progeny of stem cells migrate in precise patterns. Absorptive, enteroendocrine, and goblet cells migrate toward the villus while Paneth cells occupy the bottom of the crypts. We show here that beta-catenin and TCF inversely control the expression of the EphB2/EphB3 receptors and their ligand ephrin-B1 in colorectal cancer and(More)
Members of the Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases control many aspects of cellular interactions during development, including axon guidance. Here, we demonstrate that EphB2 also regulates postnatal synaptic function in the mammalian CNS. Mice lacking the EphB2 intracellular kinase domain showed wild-type levels of LTP, whereas mice lacking the entire(More)
Gram-positive bacterial cell wall components including PGN (peptidoglycan) elicit a potent pro-inflammatory response in diverse cell types, including endothelial cells, by activating TLR2 (Toll-like receptor 2) signalling. The functional integrity of the endothelium is under the influence of a network of gap junction intercellular communication channels(More)
Inherited mutations of the APC gene predispose carriers to multiple adenomatous polyps of the colon and rectum and to colorectal cancer. Mutations located at the extreme 5' end of the APC gene, however, are associated with a less severe disease known as attenuated adenomatous polyposis coli (AAPC). Many individuals with AAPC develop relatively few(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To review existing data on social class gradients in adolescent health and to examine whether such gradients exist in new data concerning US adolescents. DESIGN Review of relevant publications and unpublished data; regression analyses using adolescent self reported health status data to determine whether there are gradients by social(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is felt to be one of the key profibrotic factors and is a downstream effector molecule mediating the action of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, a cytokine known to induce severe and progressive fibrosis. However, the in vivo fibrogenic effect of isolated CTGF expression is not well described. We used adenoviral(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) may be triggered by epithelial injury that results in aberrant production of growth factors, cytokines, and proteinases, leading to proliferation of myofibroblasts, excess deposition of collagen, and destruction of the lung architecture. The precise mechanisms and key signaling mediators responsible for this aberrant(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are important regulators of angiogenesis and tumor progression by degradation of extracellular matrix. Clinical trials using MMP inhibitors have failed and recent studies suggest that MMPs may in contrast suppress tumor growth. It is not known, however, if MMPs or their inhibitors, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases(More)
Oxidative stress with reactive oxygen species (ROS) can contribute to the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Antioxidant enzymes, such as extracellular superoxide dismutase (ECSOD), may modulate the injury and repair components of the fibrogenic response. Here we determined whether ECSOD could attenuate experimental TGF-β1-induced persistent(More)
Increased anxiety may occur in up to 70% of AD patients during the course of their illness. Here we show that human apoE isoforms, which differ in AD risk, have differential effects on measures of anxiety in adult Apoe-/- male mice expressing human apoE3 or apoE4 in their brains and male probable AD (PRAD) patients. Compared with wild-type mice, Apoe-/-(More)