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The RAS proto-oncogene Harvey rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (HRAS) encodes a small GTPase that transduces signals from cell surface receptors to intracellular effectors to control cellular behavior. Although somatic HRAS mutations have been described in many cancers, germline mutations cause Costello syndrome (CS), a congenital disorder associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Costello syndrome (CS) is due to mutations in HRAS, with the most common mutation being c.34G>A (p.G12S), found in most patients in all the published series. A small number of less common mutations have been reported. POPULATION STUDIED HRAS mutation analysis has been undertaken in 74 predominantly British patients with a possible diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies of colorectal cancer (CRC) have identified genetic variants that reproducibly associate with CRC. Associations of 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms at 8q24, 9p24, and 18q21 (SMAD7) and CRC were investigated in a three-center collaborative study including two U.K. case-control cohorts (Sheffield and Leeds) and a(More)
Polymorphisms in DNA double-strand break repair gene XRCC2 may play an important role in colorectal cancer etiology, specifically in disease subtypes. Associations of XRCC2 variants and colorectal cancer were investigated by tumor site and tumor instability status in a four-center collaboration including three U.K. case-control studies (Sheffield, Leeds,(More)
Rare inherited mutations in the mutL homolog 1 (MLH1) DNA mismatch repair gene can confer an increased susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC) with high penetrance where disease frequently develops in the proximal colon. The core promoter of MLH1 contains a common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (-93G>A, dbSNP ID:rs1800734) located in a region(More)
Known genetic defects currently account for only a small proportion of patients meeting criteria for 'probable' or 'possible' common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). A 59-year-old male with a 12-year history of CVID on intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is presented who developed bronchiectasis, cytopenias and malabsorption that are recognized complications(More)
De novo heterozygous mutations in HRAS cause Costello syndrome (CS), a condition with high mortality and morbidity in infancy and early childhood due to cardiac, respiratory, and muscular complications. HRAS mutations predicting p.Gly12Val, p.Gly12Asp, and p.Gly12Cys substitutions have been associated with severe, lethal, CS. We report on molecular,(More)
Keynote address: " Marfan syndrome and related disorders: from gene to therapy " Prof. 3 AED Pregnancy register, UK and Ireland Antiepileptic drug (AED) exposure during pregnancy increases the risk of major congenital malformations (MCMs). The risk magnitude varies by AED exposure. We provide results from the UK and Ireland Epilepsy and Pregnancy Registers,(More)
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