Jennifer Shoemaker

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating autoimmune disease characterized by both inflammation and axonal degeneration. The resulting demyelination and subsequent degeneration of axons account for the disability of patients with MS. Early investigations indicated that disease progression was driven by CD4(+) effector T cells. However, clinical therapies(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor neuron loss, paralysis and death within 2-5 years of diagnosis. Currently, no effective pharmacological agents exist for the treatment of this devastating disease. Neuroinflammation may accelerate the progression of ALS. Cannabinoids produce(More)
This study examined the ability of the endocannabinoids 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) and noladin ether as well as the synthetic cannabinoid CP-55,940 [(-)-cis-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)phenyl]-trans-4-(3-hydroxypropyl) cyclohexanol] to regulate three intracellular effectors via CB2 receptors in transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells. Although(More)
SUMMARY We describe an open source library written in the R programming language for Medline literature data mining. This MedlineR library includes programs to query Medline through the NCBI PubMed database; to construct the co-occurrence matrix; and to visualize the network topology of query terms. The open source nature of this library allows users to(More)
Currently, patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic demyelinating disorder of the CNS, must be injected with medication to provide modest relief for their symptoms. Five orally available therapies are being evaluated in phase II/III clinical trials. If these therapies prove safe and tolerable, oral compounds may improve patient endorsement(More)
A key aspect of the management of care for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is identifying which patients are struggling with adherence. Disease-modifying therapies for the treatment of MS are primarily preventative, with modest efficacy, and they can possibly cause significant side effects. These factors can lead patients to stop taking their(More)
Biomarkers of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) metastasis can accurately identify metastatic cells and aggressive tumor behavior. To find new markers, serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) was done on three samples from the same patient: normal thyroid tissue, primary PTC, and a PTC lymph node metastasis. This genomewide expression analysis identified(More)
Long-term adherence to disease-modifying therapy in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) is associated with improved patient outcomes, including a reduced risk of relapse and a better preserved quality of life. However, the unpredictable nature of the disease--even when it is being treated--may make it difficult to convince patients of the(More)
These are summaries of reviews from the Cochrane Library. CME This clinical content conforms to AAFP criteria for continuing medical education (CME). See CME Quiz Questions on page 280. Clinical Question Do intranasal corticosteroids, with or without antibiotics, hasten the resolution of symptoms of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis? Evidence-Based Answer(More)
We describe an open source library written in the R programming language for Medline literature data mining. This MedlineR library includes programs to query Medline through the NCBI PubMed database; to construct the co-occurrence matrix; and to visualize the network topology of query terms. The open source nature of this library allows users to extend it(More)
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