Learn More
Inner ear epithelia of mature birds regenerate hair cells after ototoxic or acoustic insult. The lack of markers that selectively label cells in regenerating epithelia and of culture systems composed primarily of progenitor cells has hampered the identification of cellular and molecular interactions that regulate hair cell regeneration. In control basilar(More)
The capacity of adult mammals to regenerate sensory hair cells is not well defined. To explore early steps in this process, we examined reactivation of a transiently expressed developmental gene, Atoh1, in adult mouse utricles after neomycin-induced hair cell death in culture. Using an adenoviral reporter for Atoh1 enhancer, we found that Atoh1(More)
Neurotrophins and their cognate receptors are critical to normal nervous system development. Trk receptors are high-affinity receptors for nerve-growth factor (trkA), brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-4/5 (trkB), and neurotrophin-3 (trkC). We examine the expression of these three neurotrophin tyrosine kinase receptors in the chick auditory(More)
Regeneration of sensory hair cells in the mature avian inner ear was first described just over 20 years ago. Since then, it has been shown that many other non-mammalian species either continually produce new hair cells or regenerate them in response to trauma. However, mammals exhibit limited hair cell regeneration, particularly in the auditory epithelium.(More)
Unlike mammals, birds regenerate auditory hair cells (HCs) after injury. During regeneration, mature non-sensory supporting cells (SCs) leave quiescence and convert into HCs, through non-mitotic or mitotic mechanisms. During embryogenesis, Notch ligands from nascent HCs exert lateral inhibition, restricting HC production. Here, we examined whether Notch(More)
Advances in hair cell regeneration are progressing at a rapid rate. This review will highlight and critique recent attempts to understand some of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying hair cell regeneration in non-mammalian vertebrates and efforts to induce regeneration in the mammalian inner ear sensory epithelium.
Several studies suggest fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) plays a role in the development of the auditory epithelium in mammals. We undertook a study of FGFR3 in the developing and mature chicken inner ear and during regeneration of this epithelium to determine whether FGFR3 shows a similar pattern of expression in birds. FGFR3 mRNA is highly(More)
Birds respond to hair cell loss by stimulating cell division in the otherwise mitotically quiescent sensory epithelium and by generating new hair cells. We examined cell proliferation during hair cell regeneration in chick basilar papilla by using 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU). Chicks were noise exposed for 4 or 24 hours and injected with BrdU, and(More)
Hair cells are sensory cells that transduce motion into neural signals. In the cochlea, they are used to detect sound waves in the environment and turn them into auditory signals that can be processed in the brain. Hair cells in the cochlea of birds and mammals were thought to be produced only during embryogenesis and, once made, they were expected to last(More)