Jennifer S. Michaelson

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First described as a weak apoptosis inducer, the TNF superfamily ligand TWEAK has since emerged as a cytokine that regulates multiple cellular responses, including proinflammatory activity, angiogenesis and cell proliferation, suggesting roles in inflammation and cancer. More recently TWEAK's ability to regulate progenitor cell fate was elucidated.(More)
Progenitor ("oval") cell expansion accompanies many forms of liver injury, including alcohol toxicity and submassive parenchymal necrosis as well as experimental injury models featuring blocked hepatocyte replication. Oval cells can potentially become either hepatocytes or biliary epithelial cells and may be critical to liver regeneration, particularly when(More)
INTRODUCTION TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) has been implicated as a mediator of chronic inflammatory processes via prolonged activation of the NF-kappaB pathway in several tissues, including the kidney. Evidence for the importance of TWEAK in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN) has been recently introduced. Thus, TWEAK levels may serve as(More)
Glial tumors progress to malignant grades by heightened proliferation and relentless dispersion throughout the central nervous system. Understanding genetic and biochemical processes that foster these behaviors is likely to reveal specific and effective targets for therapeutic intervention. Our current report shows that the fibroblast growth(More)
The TNF superfamily cytokine TWEAK induces mesangial cells, podocytes, and endothelial cells to secrete pro-inflammatory chemokines including MCP-1, IP-10 and RANTES, which are crucial in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). As TWEAK regulates the secretion of these inflammatory mediators, we studied whether urinary TWEAK (uTWEAK) levels might be(More)
Members of the TNF-ligand and receptor superfamilies are important in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis, a major cause of mortality and morbidity in SLE. TWEAK, a member of the TNF-ligand superfamily, is markedly increased in urine from patients with active lupus nephritis, and urinary TWEAK levels significantly correlate with renal disease activity. To(More)
The tumour suppressor p53 induces apoptosis or cell-cycle arrest in response to genotoxic and other stresses. In unstressed cells, the anti-proliferative effects of p53 are restrained by mouse double minute 2 (Mdm2), a ubiquitin ligase (E3) that promotes p53 ubiquitination and degradation. Mdm2 also mediates its own degradation through auto-ubiquitination.(More)
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the TNF superfamily, is a prominent inducer of proinflammatory cytokines in vitro and in vivo. We previously found that kidney cells display the TWEAK receptor Fn14, and that TWEAK stimulation of mesangial cells and podocytes induces a potent proinflammatory response. Several of the cytokines(More)
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis, or TWEAK, is a relatively new member of the TNF-ligand superfamily. Ligation of the TWEAK receptor Fn14 by TWEAK has proinflammatory effects on fibroblasts, synoviocytes, and endothelial cells. Several of the TWEAK-inducible cytokines are important in the pathogenesis of kidney diseases; however, whether TWEAK can induce(More)
The mammalian Daxx gene has been identified in a diverse set of yeast interaction trap experiments. Although a facilitating role for Daxx in Fas-induced apoptosis has been suggested, Daxx's physiologic function remains unknown. To elucidate the in vivo role of Daxx, we have generated Daxx-deficient mice. Surprisingly, rather than a hyperproliferative(More)