Jennifer S James

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Commodity levies are used increasingly to fund producer collective goods such as research and promotion. In the present paper we examine theoretical relationships between producer and national benefits from levy-funded research, and consider the implications for the appropriate rates of matching government grants, applied with a view to achieving a closer(More)
Agricultural research has transformed agriculture and in doing so contributed to the transformation of economies. Economic issues arise because agricultural research is subject to various market fail­ ures, because the resulting innovations and technological changes have important economic consequences for net income and its distri­ bution, and because the(More)
for their assistance in preparing this report. We also thank Clive James and Su Ching for providing data and Beatriz Avalos Sartorio, Derek Byerlee and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on prior versions of this report. The CGIAR Science Council was the principal source of funding for this work, with additional support from the HarvestChoice(More)
The beggar-thy-neighbour aspect of commodity advertising means that benefits to one commodity from advertising come at the expense of other commodities. The effect can be mitigated by cooperation among groups as shown by Alston, Freebairn and James (AFJ). A drawback to AFJ's analysis is that some cooperative outcomes require side payments from one producer(More)
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