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The objective of this paper is to review the extent and mechanisms of lipoprotein alterations in pregnancy, present new data relating to placental lipid transport in normal humans and diabetic animals and consider possible effects on fetal growth and development in normal and diabetic pregnancy. The concentration of all lipoprotein fractions increases(More)
Endothelial to mesenchymal transition (EndMT) plays a major role during development, and also contributes to several adult cardiovascular diseases. Importantly, mesenchymal cells including fibroblasts are prominent in atherosclerosis, with key functions including regulation of: inflammation, matrix and collagen production, and plaque structural integrity.(More)
The cohesin complex has recently been shown to be a key regulator of eukaryotic gene expression, although the mechanisms by which it exerts its effects are poorly understood. We have undertaken a genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation in cohesin-deficient cell lines from probands with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). Heterozygous mutations in NIPBL,(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the human ATRX gene cause developmental defects, including skeletal deformities and dwarfism. ATRX encodes a chromatin remodeling protein, however the role of ATRX in skeletal development is currently unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We induced Atrx deletion in mouse cartilage using the Cre-loxP system, with Cre expression(More)
Human ATRX mutations are associated with cognitive deficits, developmental abnormalities, and cancer. We show that the Atrx-null embryonic mouse brain accumulates replicative damage at telomeres and pericentromeric heterochromatin, which is exacerbated by loss of p53 and linked to ATM activation. ATRX-deficient neuroprogenitors exhibited higher incidence of(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the use of the GuideLiner "mother-and-child" guide catheter extension system as a simple solution to facilitate initial device delivery in balloon uncrossable chronic total occlusions (CTOs) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND During PCIs for CTO lesions, an important reason for procedural failure is(More)
Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) is a dominantly inherited heterogeneous genetic disorder with multisystem abnormalities. Sixty percent of probands with CdLS have heterozygous mutations in the Nipped-B-like (NIPBL) gene, 5% have mutations in the SMC1A gene, and one proband was found to have a mutation in the SMC3 gene. Cohesin is a multisubunit complex(More)
Experiments were designed to study whether or not the mechanism of handling dietary cholesterol in adulthood can be modulated by the manipulation of cholesterol homeostasis during neonatal period. The effects of enhancing cholesterol degradation (cholestyramine feeding), high dietary cholesterol intake, and early weaning during neonatal period of guinea(More)
A genetically hypercholesterolemic strain of rats was selectively bred, starting from an ordinary albino mutant of Rattus norvegicus. The new strain was given the designation RICO, standing for rats with increased cholesterol. In these animals, hypercholesterolemia is established, in both sexes, one day after weaning, and it increases progressively(More)