Jennifer Randerath

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Tool use engages a left hemispheric network including frontal, temporal and parietal regions. Patients with left brain lesions (LBD patients) exhibit deficits when demonstrating use of a single tool (apraxia). When attempting to use a tool, some apraxic patients show errors in the preceding grasping movement. Forty-two LBD patients and 18 healthy controls(More)
In patients with apraxia the ability to access tool-use-knowledge and to integrate it into a movement plan is frequently disturbed. The present study investigated potential differences between a 'transport'- and a 'use'-task as well as the influence of apraxia on the preceding grasping movement, when the tool is presented with its handle pointing away from(More)
Previous work with healthy adults supports the idea that perception of the orientation of a tool's handle may automatically activate cognitive components for grasping and use. An important source of evidence for this automatic activation view comes from studies showing interference when automatically activated action representations are inconsistent with(More)
Movement goals and task mechanics differ substantially between actual tool use and corresponding pantomimes. In addition, apraxia seems to be more severe during pantomime than during actual tool use. Comparisons of these two modes of action execution using quantitative methods of movement analyses are rare. In the present study, repetitive scooping(More)
The ability to predict and anticipate the mechanical demands of the environment promotes smooth and skillful motor actions. Thus, the finger forces produced to grasp and lift an object are scaled to the physical properties such as weight. While grip force scaling is well established for neutral objects, only few studies analyzed objects known from daily(More)
The main goal of the study was to investigate whether the presence of affordances, such as physical properties of given objects and resulting movement constraints, induce a performance increase in actual tool-use compared to demonstrating it with only the tool or pantomiming it without the tool and recipient object. In the present study the perception of(More)
Studying the characteristics of movements performed under different action conditions may foster the understanding of disturbed tool use in apraxia and may enhance the knowledge about the links between states of action representations. We registered hand and arm movements during a hammering action executed under three task conditions: pantomime,(More)
When lifting two objects with equal weight but different size, we judge the smaller object to be heavier. This size-weight illusion has been intensively tested by the recruitment of fingertip grip forces during precision lifting. Previous findings have suggested that perceptual (object size) prediction can influence sensorimotor prediction (anticipatory(More)
When we manipulate familiar objects in our daily life, our grip force anticipates the physical demands right from the moment of contact with the object, indicating the existence of a memory for relevant object properties. This study explores the formation and consolidation of the memory processes that associate either familiar (size) or arbitrary object(More)
Apraxia is regularly associated with aphasia, but there is controversy whether their co-occurrence is the expression of a common basic deficit or results from anatomical proximity of their neural substrates. However, neither aphasia nor apraxia is an indivisible entity. Both diagnoses embrace diverse manifestations that may occur more or less independently(More)