Jennifer Raab

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TAYLOR, C. RICHARD, KNUT SCHMIDT-NIELSEN, AND JACOB L. RAAB, Scaling of energetic cost of running to body size in mammals. Am. J. Physiol. 219(4) : 1104-l 107. 1970.-The purpose of this study was to see if a convenient relationship could be found between the energetic cost of running and the body weight of mammals. We found that steady-state oxygen(More)
Dogs (Canis familiaris) were run up and down 7.4, 11.8, and 20.4% grades as well as on the horizontal at speeds of 3 and 6 km/h while their steady-state oxygen comsumption was measured. On positive grades the metabolism was directly dependent on both grade and speed. On the negative grades the metabolic rates were dependent only on speed and for each dog(More)
Chronic obstruction of the guinea pig ileum leads to distension and muscular hypertrophy, but how this affects passive biomechanical and nerve-mediated contractions and clearance known as peristaltic reflex is unclear. Ileum of controls had a diameter of 3.0 +/- 1.1 mm and a circular muscle thickness of 37.2 +/- 11.2 microns; 4 wk after placement of a(More)
In a study of older adults, first and second doses of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PN23) induced IgG increases for all 8 vaccine serotypes tested. Participants (N=143, mean age 76 years) were re-enrolled to study antibody levels after ten years, and safety and immunogenicity of another PN23 dose. Ten years after first or second doses, mean(More)
AIM To investigate whether type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes and body weight influence the development of islet autoantibodies and the rate of progression to type 1 diabetes. METHODS Genotyping for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of the type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes CDKAL1, CDKN2A/2B, FTO, HHEX-IDE, HMGA2, IGF2BP2, KCNJ11, KCNQ1, MTNR1B,(More)
Vitamin D deficiency is common in people with type 1 diabetes, but its role in disease progression is unclear. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in prediabetes (defined as the presence of multiple islet autoantibodies), and investigate whether or not progression to type 1 diabetes is faster in children with vitamin D deficiency(More)
Lot 89SF has been the reference standard serum pool used in pneumococcal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) since 1990. In 2005, it was estimated that there remained between 2 and 5 years' supply of lot 89SF. Since lot 89SF was the reference standard used in the evaluation of the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine Prevnar (PCV7), the link(More)
The Merck pneumococcal (Pn) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for measuring antibodies to 12 serotypes (serotypes 1, 3, 4, 6B, 7F, 8, 9V, 12F, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F) were validated in 1999. Merck Laboratories developed the Pn assays using 10 microg/ml C polysaccharide, 100 microg/ml Pn polysaccharide (PnPs) 25, and 100 microg/ml PnPs 72 for(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance has been postulated to be linked to the frequent onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) during puberty. Very few studies have investigated the time course of insulin resistance in childhood. To address the question of how insulin resistance develops with age and how this is related to puberty onset, we examined insulin resistance and(More)
We studied by barium contrast the dynamics of experimental obstruction in the opossum esophagus. Immediately after banding the gastroesophageal junction, entrapment of the bolus between the band and the peristaltic contraction led to esophageal bulging, forceful retropulsion of the bolus at the band, and the repeated triggering of peristaltic contractions(More)