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BACKGROUND Whether the genomic rearrangement transmembrane protease, serine 2 (TMPRSS2):v-ets erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homolog (ERG) has prognostic value in prostate cancer is unclear. METHODS Among men with prostate cancer in the prospective Physicians' Health and Health Professionals Follow-Up Studies, we identified rearrangement status by(More)
BACKGROUND Radical prostatectomy reduces mortality among men with localized prostate cancer; however, important questions regarding long-term benefit remain. METHODS Between 1989 and 1999, we randomly assigned 695 men with early prostate cancer to watchful waiting or radical prostatectomy and followed them through the end of 2012. The primary end points(More)
BACKGROUND Most localized prostate cancers are believed to have an indolent course. Within 15 yr of diagnosis, most deaths among men with prostate cancer (PCa) can be attributed to other competing causes. However, data from studies with extended follow-up are insufficient to determine appropriate treatment for men with localized disease. OBJECTIVE To(More)
PURPOSE SPINK1 overexpression has been described in prostate cancer and is linked with poor prognosis in many cancers. The objective of this study was to characterize the association between SPINK1 overexpression and prostate cancer-specific survival. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The study included 879 participants in the U.S. Physicians' Health Study and Health(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancers incite tremendous morbidity upon metastatic growth. We previously identified Asporin (ASPN) as a potential mediator of metastatic progression found within the tumor microenvironment. ASPN contains an aspartic acid (D)-repeat domain and germline polymorphisms in D-repeat-length have been associated with degenerative diseases.(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in Western countries but the exact pathogenic mechanism of the disease is still largely unknown. An infectious etiology and infection-induced inflammation has been suggested to play a role in prostate carcinogenesis and Propionibacterium acnes has been reported as the most prevalent microorganism in(More)
Gleason grade is universally used for pathologic scoring of the differentiation of prostate cancer. However, it is unknown whether prostate tumors arise well differentiated and then progress to less differentiated forms or if Gleason grade is an early and largely unchanging feature. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has reduced the proportion of(More)
BACKGROUND Coffee contains many biologically active compounds, including caffeine and phenolic acids, that have potent antioxidant activity and can affect glucose metabolism and sex hormone levels. Because of these biological activities, coffee may be associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer. METHODS We conducted a prospective analysis of 47,911(More)
BACKGROUND Limited data exist on long-term outcomes among men with prostate cancer (PCa) from population-based cohorts incorporating information on clinical risk category. OBJECTIVE To assess 15-yr mortality for men with PCa treated with noncurative intent according to clinical stage, Gleason score (GS), serum levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA),(More)
BACKGROUND Although positive associations have consistently been reported between sleep disruption and breast cancer, less is known about its potential role in prostate cancer. METHODS Within the prospective AGES-Reykjavik cohort study, we followed 2,102 men recruited in 2002-2006 until the end of 2009. Participants answered questions on sleep disruption.(More)