Jennifer R. Litowski

Learn More
Dynamin, a 100-kDa GTPase, has been implicated to be involved in synaptic vesicle recycling, receptor-mediated endocytosis, and other membrane sorting processes. Dynamin self-assembles into helical collars around the necks of coated pits and other membrane invaginations and mediates membrane scission. In vitro, dynamin has been reported to exist as dimers,(More)
We propose a new method to measure the viscosity of concentrated protein solutions in a high-throughput format. This method measures the apparent hydrodynamic radius of polystyrene beads with known sizes using a dynamic light scattering (DLS) system with a microplate reader. Glycerol solution viscosities obtained by the DLS method were in good agreement(More)
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the utility of combining a design of experiment (DOE) approach with high-throughput formulation screening to identify the main factors affecting protein thermostability and solution viscosity. The optimization of buffer compositions was guided by statistical analysis of the data to obtain the targeted combination(More)
We have de novo designed a heterodimeric coiled-coil formed by two peptides as a capture/delivery system that can be used in applications such as affinity tag purification, immobilization in biosensors, etc. The two strands are designated as K coil (KVSALKE heptad sequence) and E coil (EVSALEK heptad sequence), where positively charged or negatively charged(More)
To assess the effect of sugar molecules on solution viscosity at high protein concentrations. A high throughput dynamic light scattering method was used to measure the viscosity of monoclonal antibody solutions. The effects of protein concentration, type of sugar molecule (trehalose, sucrose, sorbitol, glucose, fructose, xylose and galactose), temperature(More)
The two-stranded alpha-helical coiled-coil is now recognized as one of nature's favorite ways of creating a dimerization motif. Based on the knowledge of protein folding studies and de novo design model systems, a novel heterodimeric coiled-coil protein was synthesized. The heterodimeric E/K coiled-coil was constructed with two distinct peptides (E and K)(More)
The NMR solution structure of a highly stable coiled-coil IAAL-E3/K3 has been solved. The E3/K3 coiled-coil is a 42-residue de novo designed coiled-coil comprising three heptad repeats per subunit, stabilized by hydrophobic contacts within the core and electrostatic interactions at the interface crossing the hydrophobic core which direct heterodimer(More)
We report, for the first time, the identification of fatty acid particles in formulations containing the surfactant polysorbate 20. These fatty acid particles were observed in multiple mAb formulations during their expected shelf life under recommended storage conditions. The fatty acid particles were granular or sand-like in morphology and were several(More)
Polysorbate 20 (PS20) is a nonionic surfactant frequently used to stabilize protein biopharmaceuticals. During the development of mAb formulations containing PS20, small clouds of particles were observed in solutions stored in vials. The degree of particle formation was dependent on PS20 concentration. The particles were characterized by reversed-phase HPLC(More)
The E/K coil, a heterodimeric coiled-coil, has been designed as a universal peptide capture and delivery system for use in applications such as biosensors and as an expression and affinity purification tag. In this design, heterodimer formation is specified through the placement of charged residues at the e and g positions of the heptad repeat such that the(More)