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We present the application of a nonparametric method to performing functional principal component analysis for functional curve data that consist of measurements of a random trajectory for a sample of subjects. This design typically consists of an irregular grid of time points on which repeated measurements are taken for a number of subjects. We introduce(More)
Focus groups were used to examine relationships among maternal beliefs, feeding intentions, and infant-feeding behaviors among 65 Women, Infants and Children-eligible (28 English-speaking and 37 Spanish-speaking) mothers. Participants shared common beliefs that breast-feeding was beneficial; nevertheless, many believed that early introduction of formula and(More)
BACKGROUND The ability of beta-carotene to deliver bioactive retinoids to tissues is highly variable. A clearer understanding of the environmental and genetic factors that modulate the vitamin A potential of beta-carotene is needed. AIM OF STUDY Assess the vitamin A value of orally administered beta-carotene relative to a co-administered reference dose of(More)
BACKGROUND A quantitative understanding of human folate metabolism is needed. OBJECTIVE The objective was to quantify and interpret human folate metabolism as it might occur in vivo. DESIGN Adults (n = 13) received 0.5 nmol [(14)C]pteroylmonoglutamate (100 nCi radioactivity) plus 79.5 nmol pteroylmonoglutamate in water orally. (14)C was measured in(More)
BACKGROUND The vitamin A activity of beta-carotene is variable and surprisingly low in women. The reasons for this are not well understood. The vitamin A activity of beta-carotene in men is still uncertain. Contributions of dietary factors compared with individual traits are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to measure the intrinsic variability(More)
The effect of vitamin A supplements on metabolic behavior of an oral tracer dose of [14C]beta-carotene was investigated in a longitudinal test-retest design in two adults. For the test, each subject ingested 1 nmol of [14C]beta-carotene (100 nCi) in an emulsified olive oil-banana drink. Total urine and stool were collected for up to 30 days;(More)
Heme-Fe is an important source of dietary iron in humans. Caco-2 cells have been used extensively to study human iron absorption with an emphasis on factors affecting nonheme iron absorption. Therefore, we examined several factors known to affect heme iron absorption. Cells grown in bicameral chambers were incubated with high specific activity [59Fe]heme(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitation of human vitamin E metabolism is incomplete, so we quantified RRR- and all-rac-alpha-tocopherol metabolism in an adult. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to quantify and interpret in vivo human vitamin E metabolism. DESIGN A man was given an oral dose of 0.001821 micromol [5-14CH3]RRR-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (with 101.5(More)
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