Jennifer R Baker

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Neuropeptide W (NPW) is produced in neurons located in hypothalamus and brain stem, and its receptors are present in the hypothalamus, in particular in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of NPW activated, in a dose-related fashion, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, as determined by plasma corticosterone(More)
The endogenous, peptide ligand for the orphan receptors GPR7 and GPR8 was identified to be neuropeptide W (NPW). Because these receptors are expressed in brain and in particular in hypothalamus, we hypothesized that NPW might interact with neuroendocrine systems that control hormone release from the anterior pituitary gland. No significant effects of NPW(More)
The RF-amide peptides (RFRPs), including prolactin (PRL)-releasing peptide-31 (PrRP-31) and RFRP-1, have been reported to stimulate stress hormone secretion by either direct pituitary or indirect hypothalamic actions. We examined the possible direct effects of these peptides on PRL and adrenocorticotropin (adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH]) release from(More)
Neuropeptide B (NPB) was identified to be an endogenous, peptide ligand for the orphan receptors GPR7 and GPR8. Because GPR7 is expressed in rat brain and, in particular, in the hypothalamus, we hypothesized that NPB might interact with neuroendocrine systems that control hormone release from the anterior pituitary gland. No significant effects of NPB were(More)
This study examined drug interactions between buprenorphine, an opioid partial agonist medication used in the treatment of opioid dependence, and the nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) efavirenz (EFV) and delavirdine (DLV). Opioid-dependent, buprenorphine/naloxone-maintained, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative volunteers (n=10(More)
1. The mechanisms involved in the mechano-inhibitory effects of acetylcholine (ACh) have been compared with those of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and cromakalim on the rat isolated thoracic aorta. 2. Relaxations produced by ACh were endothelium-dependent, whereas those produced by SNP or cromakalim were endothelium-independent. 3. ACh, cromakalim and SNP(More)
Physiologic control of prolactin (PRL) secretion is largely dependent upon levels of dopamine accessing the adenohypophysis via the hypophysial portal vessels. However, it is clear that other factors of hypothalamic origin can modulate hormone secretion in the absence or presence of dopamine. Several neuropeptides have been identified as PRL releasing(More)
UNLABELLED Disulfiram has been studied as a treatment for cocaine dependence. We report results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject study to examine the interaction of disulfiram with intravenous cocaine. METHODS Non-treatment-seeking, cocaine-dependent, volunteers participated in serial experiments in which they received(More)
Central nervous system-derived adrenomedullin (AM) has been shown to be a physiological regulator of thirst. Administration of AM into the lateral ventricle of the brain attenuated water intake, whereas a decrease in endogenous AM, induced by an AM-specific ribozyme, led to exaggerated water intake. We hypothesized that central AM may control fluid(More)