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Endothelial vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is a critical component of the leukocyte-endothelial adhesion cascade, and its strict temporal and spatial regulation make it an ideal target for imaging and therapy. The goal of this study was to develop novel VCAM-1-targeted imaging agents detectable by MRI and fluorescence imaging using phage(More)
PURPOSE A critical early event in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy is leukocyte adhesion to the diabetic retinal vasculature. The process is mediated, in part, by intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and results in blood-retinal barrier breakdown and capillary nonperfusion. This study evaluated the expression and function of the corresponding(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows noninvasive and three-dimensional visualization of whole organisms over time, and, therefore, would be ideally suited to monitor cell trafficking in vivo. Until now, systemically injected cells had been difficult to visualize by MRI because of relatively inefficient labeling methods. We developed a novel,(More)
It has been suggested that vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) could serve as an early marker for inflammation of the endothelium. The ability to noninvasively image VCAM-1 could thus be a useful tool to diagnose a number of inflammatory diseases at early stages. Here we demonstrate that magnetooptical nanoparticles conjugated to anti-VCAM-1(More)
Although several adhesion molecules expressed on leukocytes (beta1 and beta2 integrins, platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 [PECAM-1], and CD47) and on endothelium (intercellular adhesion molecule 1, PECAM-1) have been implicated in leukocyte transendothelial migration, less is known about the role of endothelial lateral junctions during this(More)
Neutrophils can attach to E-selectin under flow. Proposed ligands for E-selectin carry SLe(x)-type glycans. The leukocyte beta2 integrins are glycosylated with SLe(x). Thus, we speculated that beta2 integrins could support attachment to E-selectin. To test this hypothesis, we coated 10-microm-diameter microspheres with purified CD11b/CD18 (alphaMbeta2) and(More)
1. Chemotaxis of human neutrophils is mediated by numerous agents [e.g. N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) and platelet activating factor (PAF)] whose receptors are coupled to phospholipase C. However, the subsequent transduction pathway mediating cell movement remains obscure. We now propose involvement of mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase activity(More)
The vascular endothelial cell cadherin complex (VE-cadherin, alpha-, beta-, and gamma-catenin, and p120/p100) localizes to adherens junctions surrounding vascular endothelial cells and may play a critical role in the transendothelial migration of circulating blood leukocytes. Previously, we have reported that neutrophil adhesion to human umbilical vein(More)
Chemokines and adhesion molecules play a critical role in the recruitment of leukocytes into specific organ sites. Little is known, however, regarding the repertoire of chemokines and adhesion molecules expressed within different vascular beds. In this study, we compare adhesion molecule expression, chemokine induction, and T-cell subset-endothelial(More)
The development of tumor vasculature is thought to occur through two complementary processes: sprouting angiogenesis from preexisting blood vessels of the host, and vasculogenesis, which involves the spontaneous development of vessels through specific recruitment, differentiation, and vascular incorporation of circulating endothelial cells (EC), endothelial(More)