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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Prediction of human pharmacokinetics for monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) plays an important role for first-in-human (FIH) dose selection. This retrospective analysis compares observed FIH pharmacokinetic data for 16 mAbs to those predicted in humans based on allometric scaling of Cynomolgus monkey pharmacokinetic data. METHODS Ten(More)
Benoxaprofen (BNX) has been implicated in rare but serious hepatotoxicity which led to its withdrawal from the world market. Flunoxaprofen (FLX), a structural analog, appears to be less toxic. It has been postulated that the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs associated toxicity may be related to covalent modification of proteins by their reactive acyl(More)
PURPOSE To determine aqueous humor concentrations of brimonidine given the following ophthalmic formulations in female New Zealand White Rabbits: (1) BAK-preserved brimonidine tartrate 0.20% at a pH of 6.4; (2) BAK-preserved brimonidine tartrate 0.15% at a pH of 6.4, and (3) Purite((R))-preserved brimonidine tartrate 0.15% at a pH of 7.3. METHODS Eighteen(More)
Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling & simulation (M&S) provides quantitative assessment of dose/exposure-response relationships with extensive applications at the late stage drug development as well as during regulatory decision making. However, at preclinical and early phase clinical drug development, the importance of PK/PD M&S has not been(More)
AIMS The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD), safety and tolerability of single intravenous (IV) doses of PF-05231023, a long acting fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) analogue being developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS T2DM subjects (glycosylated haemoglobin:(More)
FGF21 plays a central role in energy, lipid, and glucose homeostasis. To characterize the pharmacologic effects of FGF21, we administered a long-acting FGF21 analog, PF-05231023, to obese cynomolgus monkeys. PF-05231023 caused a marked decrease in food intake that led to reduced body weight. To assess the effects of PF-05231023 in humans, we conducted a(More)
OBJECTIVE Standardized, reproducible, and feasible quantification of β-cell function (BCF) is necessary for the evaluation of interventions to improve insulin secretion and important for comparison across studies. We therefore characterized the responses to, and reproducibility of, standardized methods of in vivo BCF across different glucose tolerance(More)
The propensity for CYP3A4 induction by 2-(6-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide (PF-06282999), an irreversible inactivator of myeloperoxidase, was examined in the present study. Studies using human hepatocytes revealed moderate increases in CYP3A4 mRNA and midazolam-1'-hydroxylase activity in a PF-06282999(More)
The thiouracil derivative PF-06282999 [2-(6-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide] is an irreversible inactivator of myeloperoxidase and is currently in clinical trials for the potential treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Concerns over idiosyncratic toxicity arising from bioactivation of the thiouracil motif to(More)
AIMS To assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of PF-05231023, a long-acting FGF21 analogue, in obese, hypertriglyceridemic subjects on atorvastatin with or without type 2 diabetes. METHODS Subjects received PF-05231023 or placebo intravenously once-weekly for 4 weeks. Safety (12-lead electrocardiogram [ECGs], vital signs,(More)