Jennifer Pappas

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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To measure T2 relaxation times of normal white and gray matter using a novel CPMG sequence and investigate if any correlation exists between magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) and T2 relaxation-related parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventeen normal volunteers participated on this study. A single-slice 32-echo sequence was used(More)
Transference, the extent to which consumers transfer their opinions of a parent brand to a new extension, is critical to the success of any brand-extension strategy. Past research has shown that transference is a complex process that varies among persons depending upon an implicit personality theory, entity versus incremental. In a laboratory experiment(More)
Heart rate variability (HRV) is traditionally analyzed while a subject is in a controlled environment, such as at rest in a clinic, where it can be used as a medical indicator. This paper concerns analyzing HRV outside of controlled environments, such as on an actively moving person. We describe automated methods for inter-heartbeat interval (IBI) error(More)
HIV-infected pregnant women with undetectable plasma HIV RNA concentrations at delivery pose a minimal risk of vertical transmission. We studied the kinetics and the determinants of the virologic response to antiretroviral therapy in 117 consecutive pregnancies. Patients who initiated therapy during pregnancy had a VL decrease of 2 and 2.5 log(10) after 4(More)
Inattentional blindness, the act of failing to notice clearly visible, salient objects in one's environment when engaged in a task, is of great interest due to both its commonality and its overall applications. This study attempted to objectively support previous claims made about the inattentional blindness phenomenon using eye tracking data. It was found(More)
Combination antiretroviral therapy (CART) dramatically decreases mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission (MTCT), but maternal adverse events are not infrequent. A review of 117 locally followed pregnancies revealed 7 grade ≥ 3 AEs possibly related to antiretrovirals, including 2 hematologic, 3 hepatic, and 2 obstetric cholestasis cases. A fetal demise was(More)
During 8 months, three consecutive cases of syringomyelia were treated by the placement of thecoperitoneal shunts. In the first two patients, the cord cavitation was idiopathic in one and thought to be related to spinal trauma in the other. In the third case, there was associated anomaly of the craniocervical junction of the Chiari I type. Surgery was(More)
OBJECTIVE Epratuzumab, a monoclonal antibody that targets CD22, modulates B cell signaling without substantial reductions in the number of B cells. The aim of this study was to report the results of 2 phase III multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, the EMBODY 1 and EMBODY 2 trials, assessing the efficacy and safety of epratuzumab(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is associated with higher mortality. Identification of causes of death and contemporary risk factors for all-cause mortality may guide interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS In the Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared with Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial(More)