Jennifer O. Grube

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OBJECTIVES To examine the effectiveness of preemptive analgesia in gynecologic laparoscopy patients. METHODS A double-blinded, randomized trial was performed from June 2000 to June 2001. Preoperatively, patients were randomly assigned to 0.25% bupivicaine or normal saline control. Following anesthetic induction, the study drug or a placebo was injected(More)
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