Jennifer Nicole Berry

Learn More
Recent work suggests that sex differences exist with regard to both the nature of neuroadaptation to alcohol during the development of dependence, and possibly, the neurodegenerative consequences of alcohol dependence. Volumetric studies in human samples show that females may demonstrate increased volumetric brain loss with equal or lesser dependence(More)
AIMS Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant that produces its primary effects via antagonism of the A(1) and A(2A) adenosine receptor subtypes. Previous work demonstrated a sex difference in neurotoxicity produced by specific adenosine A(1) receptor antagonism during ethanol withdrawal (EWD) in vitro that was attributable to effects downstream of(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged ethanol (EtOH) intake may perturb function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in a manner that promotes dependence and influences EtOH withdrawal severity. Prior in vivo and in vitro studies suggest that corticosteroids, in particular, may be elevated during EtOH intoxication and withdrawal, suggesting that intracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic ethanol (EtOH) exposure produces neuroadaptations in NMDA receptor function and/or abundance and alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning that contribute to neuronal excitation and neurotoxicity during ethanol withdrawal (EWD). Both EtOH and corticosterone (CORT) promote synthesis of polyamines, which(More)
The current experiments examined the effects of repeated nicotine prior to acquisition, extinction, and reinstatement of methamphetamine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP). Methamphetamine-induced (METH; 0.25, 0.5, or 1 mg/kg, s.c.) CPP was established using separate groups of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with an unbiased conditioning procedure.(More)
Excitotoxic insults can lead to intracellular signaling cascades that contribute to cell death, in part by activation of proteases, phospholipases, and endonucleases. Cysteine proteases, such as calpains, are calcium (Ca(2+))-activated enzymes which degrade cytoskeletal proteins, including microtubule-associated proteins, tubulin, and spectrin, among(More)
OF THESIS TIME-DEPENDENCE OF DISTAL-TO-PROXIMAL HIPPOCAMPAL NEURODEGENERATION PRODUCED BY N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE RECEPTOR ACTIVATION Excitotoxicity is the overexcitation of neurons due to the excessive activation of excitatory amino acid receptors and is thought to be involved in many neurodegenerative states. The manner in which the neuron breaks down during(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors containing α4 subunits (α4β2* nAChRs) are critical for nicotinic cholinergic transmission and the addictive action of nicotine. To identify specific activities of these receptors in the adult mouse brain, we coupled targeted deletion of α4 nAChR subunits with behavioral and and electrophysiological measures of nicotine(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) acts through nicotinic and muscarinic ACh receptors in the ventral midbrain and striatal areas to influence dopamine (DA) transmission. This cholinergic control of DA transmission is important for processes such as attention and motivated behavior, and is manipulated by nicotine in tobacco products. Identifying and characterizing the key(More)
Chronic, intermittent ethanol (CIE) exposure is known to produce neuroadaptive alterations in excitatory neurotransmission that contribute to the development of dependence. Although activation of protein kinases (e.g., cyclic AMP [cAMP]-dependent protein kinase) is implicated in the synaptic trafficking of these receptors following CIE exposure, the(More)