Jennifer Marie Francis

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Behavioral measures of parkinsonism that are more clinically relevant than rotometry have been developed for rats with severe unilateral dopamine depletions, and the validity of these measures is supported by reports that these parkinsonian symptoms are attenuated by drugs that are effective in the clinical setting. Although the therapeutic gold standard,(More)
Functional disability has been identified as one of the most important aspects of chronic pain, yet modeling pain-related disability has received little attention. Adjuvant-induced arthritis was induced, and one group of arthritic rats was implanted with SC 75-mg morphine pellets 1 week postadjuvant, and reimplanted every 2 weeks thereafter. The results(More)
Chronic pain is disabling, and the adverse effects of morphine are also disabling. The best way to assess the beneficial effects relative to the potential adverse effects of chronic morphine may be through the use of quantitative measures of functional disability in people and animals experiencing pain. If chronic morphine alleviates chronic pain and its(More)
An extensive behavioral characterization was conducted with mice lacking the gene for neuropeptide Y (NPY) including response to 24 and 48 h fast and challenge with small molecule antagonists of NPY receptors implicated in mediating the feeding effects of NPY (i.e., Y1 and Y5). In addition, wildtype (WT) and NPY knockout (KO) mice were tested in locomotor(More)
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) encodes a neuropeptide precursor protein that is highly abundant in cells of the hypothalamus. To date, the major research focus into the function of CART peptides has been feeding behavior. However, CART mRNA is found in other areas of the brain as well as some peripheral tissues, suggesting possible(More)
Cognitive deficits are the most enduring and disabling sequelae of human traumatic brain injury (TBI), but quantifying the magnitude, duration, and pattern of cognitive deficits produced by different types of TBI has received little emphasis in preclinical animal models. The objective of the present study was to use a battery of behavioral tests to(More)
It is widely accepted that enduring parkinsonian symptoms are only evident if there are few remaining dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and dopamine levels in the basal ganglia are very low [26,41]. In the present study, partial dopamine depletions were produced by infusing 6-OHDA bilaterally into the ventrolateral striatum as previously(More)
The present study examined the effects of encapsulated cells which were genetically modified to secrete human glail-derived neurotrophic factor (hGDNF) on the motor deficits in aged rodents. Prior to implantation, animals were tested on a battery of motor tasks. Spontaneous locomotion and motor coordination was evaluated in young (5 month) and aged (20(More)
The long-term delivery of growth factors and other proteins into the CNS at putatively therapeutic yet safe levels continues to be technically constrained. In the present studies, the gene encoding human nerve growth factor (hNGF), introduced into a dihydrofolate reductase-based pNUT expression vector system, was engineered into a clonal baby hamster kidney(More)
Systemic treatment with GPI 1046, a non-immunosuppressive ligand of the immunophilin FKBP12 (FK-506-binding protein 12 kDa), has previously been shown to promote morphological recovery of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic projection after MPTP lesion in mice, and of lesioned sciatic nerve fibres after nerve crush in rats. In the present study, we investigated(More)