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Examining the influence of drivers' characteristics during traffic stops with police: Results from a national survey
The factors that influence officer decision making after a traffic stop is initiated are examined using the Police-Public Contact Survey data collected in 1999. This investigation of police behavior
Theory and racial profiling: Shortcomings and future directions in research
The volatile political environment that surrounds the issue of “racial profiling” has led local and state police agencies across the nation to start collecting information about traffic and
Comparing Benchmark Methodologies for Police-Citizen Contacts: Traffic Stop Data Collection for the Pennsylvania State Police
The political and social pressure for police departments to collect race-based traffic and pedestrian contact information has led to the accumulation of abundant sources of police-citizen contact
ABSTRACT Differences in official crime rates by race, class, and gender are usually explained by the differences in offending behavior and/or the differences in official processing, where
Race Gaps in Policing : Normative and Empirical Challenges
This piece explores the many kinds of quantitative claims that researchers and commentators regularly make about race and policing. Everyone agrees that there are enormous racial gaps in U.S. rates