Jennifer M. Thompson

Learn More
The heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is a pollutant associated with several modern industrial processes. Cd is absorbed in significant quantities from cigarette smoke, and is known to have numerous undesirable effects on health in both experimental animals and humans, targeting the kidneys, liver and vascular systems in particular. However, a wide spectrum of(More)
BACKGROUND Cadmium (Cd) is an established experimental teratogen whose effects can be reversed by pretreatment with zinc. Mesodermal development is a frequently reported target for Cd teratogenicity. The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms of Cd induced body wall defects in chick embryos. METHODS Chick embryos in shell-less culture were(More)
Cadmium (Cd) has several industrial applications, and is found in tobacco products, a notable source of human exposure. Vascular endothelial cells are key targets of Cd toxicity. Here, we aim to quantify the alteration to vascular branching pattern following Cd exposure in the chick extra-embryonic membrane (EEM) using fractal analysis, and explore(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a powerful inducer of oxidative stress. It also causes ventral body wall defects in chick embryos treated at Hamburger-Hamilton stages 16-17. By measuring malondialdehyde levels (TBARS method) and cotreating with antioxidants (tempol, ascorbate, and N-acetylcysteine), we sought to determine if oxidative stress were directly related to(More)
PURPOSE In the chick embryo, the administration of cadmium (Cd) induces ventral body wall defects (VBWDs) similar to the human omphalocele. Transforming growth factors beta (TGFs-beta) are involved in many developmental processes, including ventral body wall formation. The Tgfbeta2(-/-) Tgfbeta3(-/-) double knockout mice and Tgfbeta2(-/-) Tgfbeta3(+/-)(More)
PURPOSE The administration of cadmium (Cd) induces an omphalocele phenotype in the chick embryo. The molecular mechanism by which Cd acts still remains unclear. Msx1 and Msx2 are expressed in the developing body wall and regulate cellular proliferation and differentiation. It has been reported that Msx1/Msx2 double-mutant mice display an omphalocele(More)
PURPOSE In the chick embryo, the administration of cadmium (Cd) induces omphalocele phenotype. The earliest histologic change in this model is observed in the somite 4 hours (H) post treatment, postulating that disruption of somite development in embryogenesis may cause omphalocele phenotype. EphB2 and EphB3 are involved in many embryonic developmental(More)
Although the precise pathogenesis of ventral body wall (VBW) defects is not clearly understood, it has recently postulated that disruption of somite development during early embryogenesis may cause failure of proper VBW formation. The administration of cadmium (Cd) after 60 h of incubation induces omphalocele spectrum in the chick embryo. Previous studies(More)
Cadmium (Cd) induces ventral body wall defects (VBWD) in the chick embryo, with adherens junctions (AJs) breakdown at 4h post treatment (4H). Signalling by which Cd disrupts AJs in this model remains unclear. IQGAP1 regulates AJs via binding to Cdc42 and Rac1, Rho-family GTPases. Activation of IQGAP1-Cdc42 interaction regulates AJs positively, whereas Rac1(More)