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Confidence, Not Consistency, Characterizes Flashbulb Memories
TLDR
Initial visceral emotion ratings correlated with later belief in accuracy, but not consistency, for flashbulb memories, and predicted later posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.
A review of 40 years of research
We review the shifting definition of "Flashbulb memory" in the 40 years since Brown and Kulik coined the term. We evaluate evidence for veridical, phenomenological, and metacognitive features that
Emotional intensity predicts autobiographical memory experience
TLDR
Intensity was a more consistent predictor of autobiographical memory properties than was valence or the age of the memory in these experiments and the general effects of emotion on autobiographies memory properties are due primarily to intensity differences in emotional experience.
The role of belief in occurrence within autobiographical memory.
TLDR
Judges of autobiographical belief and recollection are distinct, that each is influenced by different sources of information and processes, and that the strength of their relationship varies depending on the type of event under study.
Registered Replication Report
TLDR
This Registered Replication Report describes the results of 17 independent direct replications of Study 1 from Strack et al. (1988), all of which followed the same vetted protocol and examined the difference in funniness ratings between the “smile” and “pout” conditions.
Positive emotions enhance recall of peripheral details
TLDR
Recording of peripheral recall was greatest in memories of anger, not of fear, and within individuals, recall of peripheral details was correlated with less belief in the memory's accuracy and more likelihood to recall the memory from one's own eyes.
Flashbulb memories are special after all; in phenomenology, not accuracy
Consistency of flashbulb memories (FBMs) of the 11th September terrorist attacks and of everyday memories (EDMs) of the preceding weekend do not differ, in both cases declining over the following
A comparison of dimensional models of emotion: Evidence from emotions, prototypical events, autobiographical memories, and words
TLDR
Compared to a circumplex model, vector and PANA models provided overall better fits, and neutral valence, high-arousal ratings resulted from the averaging of individual positive and negative valence ratings.
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