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Neuropeptide B (NPB) was identified to be an endogenous, peptide ligand for the orphan receptors GPR7 and GPR8. Because GPR7 is expressed in rat brain and, in particular, in the hypothalamus, we hypothesized that NPB might interact with neuroendocrine systems that control hormone release from the anterior pituitary gland. No significant effects of NPB were(More)
Neuropeptide W (NPW) is produced in neurons located in hypothalamus and brain stem, and its receptors are present in the hypothalamus, in particular in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of NPW activated, in a dose-related fashion, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, as determined by plasma corticosterone(More)
Chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans are widespread connective tissue components and chemical analysis of cartilage and other proteoglycans has demonstrated molecular speciation involving the degree and position of sulphation of the carbohydrate chains. This may, in turn, affect the properties of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG), particularly with respect to(More)
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited disorder in humans that is caused by a deficiency of low density lipoprotein receptors (LDLRs). An animal model for FH, the Watanabe Heritable Hyperlipidemic rabbit, was used to develop an approach for liver-directed gene therapy based on transplantation of autologous hepatocytes that were genetically(More)
Two surfactant lipid preparations (SLPs) were investigated to determine their mechanism of antimicrobial action. 8N8, a water-in-oil emulsion, and W60C, a liposome, both have bactericidal activity against Gram-positive bacteria and non-enteric Gram-negative bacteria. Additionally, W60C is bactericidal for enteric Gram-negative bacilli when suspended in(More)
The etiology of autoimmune thyroid diseases is unclear; however, the extreme female predominance suggests that sex hormones may have a pathogenic role. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME) is present in the serum of women during the ovulatory and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle, and during pregnancy. We investigated the actions of 2-ME and estrogen on thyroid(More)
Physiologic control of prolactin (PRL) secretion is largely dependent upon levels of dopamine accessing the adenohypophysis via the hypophysial portal vessels. However, it is clear that other factors of hypothalamic origin can modulate hormone secretion in the absence or presence of dopamine. Several neuropeptides have been identified as PRL releasing(More)
The RF-amide peptides (RFRPs), including prolactin (PRL)-releasing peptide-31 (PrRP-31) and RFRP-1, have been reported to stimulate stress hormone secretion by either direct pituitary or indirect hypothalamic actions. We examined the possible direct effects of these peptides on PRL and adrenocorticotropin (adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH]) release from(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism by lymphocytes using the monocyte-like cell line, THP-1. When THP-1 cells were incubated over 4-7 days in 10% supernatant from lectin-activated human lymphocytes, their capacity to synthesize 5-lipoxygenase products was significantly(More)