Jennifer M R Baker

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Neuropeptide W (NPW) is produced in neurons located in hypothalamus and brain stem, and its receptors are present in the hypothalamus, in particular in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of NPW activated, in a dose-related fashion, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, as determined by plasma corticosterone(More)
Neuropeptide B (NPB) was identified to be an endogenous, peptide ligand for the orphan receptors GPR7 and GPR8. Because GPR7 is expressed in rat brain and, in particular, in the hypothalamus, we hypothesized that NPB might interact with neuroendocrine systems that control hormone release from the anterior pituitary gland. No significant effects of NPB were(More)
The etiology of autoimmune thyroid diseases is unclear; however, the extreme female predominance suggests that sex hormones may have a pathogenic role. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME) is present in the serum of women during the ovulatory and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle, and during pregnancy. We investigated the actions of 2-ME and estrogen on thyroid(More)
A rhythmic modulation of motor unit discharge at 17-24 Hz has been observed in the tibialis anterior muscle of subjects who display a high degree of short-term synchrony. Motor unit discharges were recorded both from extensor digitorum communis in the arm and tibialis anterior in the leg during voluntary isometric contractions. Time domain analysis of motor(More)
Physiologic control of prolactin (PRL) secretion is largely dependent upon levels of dopamine accessing the adenohypophysis via the hypophysial portal vessels. However, it is clear that other factors of hypothalamic origin can modulate hormone secretion in the absence or presence of dopamine. Several neuropeptides have been identified as PRL releasing(More)
The RF-amide peptides (RFRPs), including prolactin (PRL)-releasing peptide-31 (PrRP-31) and RFRP-1, have been reported to stimulate stress hormone secretion by either direct pituitary or indirect hypothalamic actions. We examined the possible direct effects of these peptides on PRL and adrenocorticotropin (adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH]) release from(More)
Short-term synchrony between the discharges of motor units has been assessed in Parkinson's disease (PD) and normal man. The discharges of single motor units were recorded in the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) muscle of the forearm or the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle of the leg during weak, voluntary isometric contraction. Short-term synchrony was(More)
Residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) have been observed in disordered states of several proteins. While their nonuniform values were initially surprising, it has been shown that reasonable approximation of experimental RDCs can be obtained using simple statistical coil models and assuming global alignment of each structure, provided that many thousands of(More)
Central nervous system-derived adrenomedullin (AM) has been shown to be a physiological regulator of thirst. Administration of AM into the lateral ventricle of the brain attenuated water intake, whereas a decrease in endogenous AM, induced by an AM-specific ribozyme, led to exaggerated water intake. We hypothesized that central AM may control fluid(More)
This paper describes changes in the appearance and distribution of microglia in postnatal cat retina as demonstrated by a new antibody, H386F. This fractionated IgM antibody was created via an intrasplenic immunization of a single BALB/C mouse with about 2-3 x 10(5) large, whole cells isolated from 46 minced cat retinae. To confirm that the labeled cells(More)