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Recommended standards for analyzing and reporting on lower extremity ischemia were first published by the Journal of Vascular Surgery in 1986 after approval by the Joint Council of The Society for Vascular Surgery and the North American Chapter of the International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery. Many of these standards have been accepted and are used(More)
At the request of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards of the Joint Council of the Society for Vascular Surgery and the North American Chapter of the International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, this report updates and modifies "Reporting standards in venous disease" (J Vasc Surg 1988;8:172-81). As in the initial document, reporting standards(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the incidence, prophylaxis, and treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and its relevance to gut mucosal pH (pHi), multiorgan dysfunction syndrome, and the abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). METHODS Seventy patients in the SICU at a Level I trauma center (1992-1996) with life threatening penetrating abdominal trauma had(More)
PURPOSE Interest in alternative methods, such as autogenous vein grafts and aortic allografts, for the management of infrarenal aortic infection (IRAI) has been stimulated by the historically disappointing results with conventional surgical management. Recently, there have been dramatic improvements in the results of axillofemoral bypass grafting (AXFB)(More)
PURPOSE A comparison of aortofemoral bypass grafting (AOFBG) and axillofemoral bypass grafting (AXFBG) for occlusive disease performed by the same surgeons during a defined interval forms the basis for this report. METHODS Data regarding all patients who underwent AOFBG of AXFBG for lower-extremity ischemia caused by aortoiliac occlusive disease were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE After focal cerebral ischemia, the function of cerebral arteries is critical to maintain cerebrovascular resistance and minimize damage to ischemic brain regions during reperfusion. In this study we examined the contractile function of isolated and pressurized middle cerebral arteries (MCAs) after 2 hours of occlusion with either 1 to(More)
The effect standardized exercise had upon sleep was studied with eight subjects. A pilot study assessed individual work capacity by the sub-maximal estimation of VO2 max. In the main study each subject performed the exercise, once a.m. and once p. m., on different days. Sleep was scored into stages and an additional sub-division of stage 2 containing 10-20%(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate determination of progression of lower-extremity arterial occlusive disease (LEAOD) is required for natural history studies and evaluation of therapies for atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE To determine if changes in the ankle-brachial index (ABI) correlated with progression of LEAOD as determined by arteriography or duplex scanning. DESIGN(More)