Jennifer M. Mason

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As Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites age, sperm become depleted, ovulation arrests, and oocytes accumulate in the gonad arm. Large ribonucleoprotein (RNP) foci form in these arrested oocytes that contain RNA-binding proteins and translationally masked maternal mRNAs. Within 65 min of mating, the RNP foci dissociate and fertilization proceeds. The(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited chromosomal instability disorder characterized by childhood aplastic anemia, developmental abnormalities and cancer predisposition. One of the hallmark phenotypes of FA is cellular hypersensitivity to agents that induce DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs), such as mitomycin C (MMC). FA is caused by mutation in at least 14(More)
SNM1B/Apollo is a DNA nuclease that has important functions in telomere maintenance and repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) within the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway. SNM1B is required for efficient localization of key repair proteins, such as the FA protein, FANCD2, to sites of ICL damage and functions epistatically to FANCD2 in cellular survival to(More)
In response to chromosomal double-strand breaks (DSBs), eukaryotic cells activate the DNA damage checkpoint, which is orchestrated by the PI3 kinase-like protein kinases ATR and ATM (Mec1 and Tel1 in budding yeast). Following DSB formation, Mec1 and Tel1 phosphorylate histone H2A on serine 129 (known as γ-H2AX). We used caffeine to inhibit the checkpoint(More)
Telomeres are structurally and functionally complex. They consist of an array of simple DNA repeats at the extreme end of the chromosome with a more complex array of repeats adjacent to it. A large number of proteins have been identified that bind to the telomeric DNA repeats or to the protein complexes that are built at the chromosome end. Telomeres tend(More)
Telomeres, the eukaryotic chromosome termini, are deoxyribonucleoprotein structures that distinguish natural chromosome ends from broken DNA. In most organisms, telomeres are extended by a reverse transcriptase (RT) with an integrated RNA template, telomerase; in Drosophila melanogaster, however, telomere-specific retrotransposons, HeT-A and TART transpose(More)
RAD51 is the central protein that catalyzes DNA repair via homologous recombination, a process that ensures genomic stability. RAD51 protein is commonly expressed at high levels in cancer cells relative to their noncancerous precursors. High levels of RAD51 expression can lead to the formation of genotoxic RAD51 protein complexes on undamaged chromatin. We(More)
The RAD54 family DNA translocases have several biochemical activities. One activity, demonstrated previously for the budding yeast translocases, is ATPase-dependent disruption of RAD51-dsDNA binding. This activity is thought to promote dissociation of RAD51 from heteroduplex DNA following strand exchange during homologous recombination. In addition,(More)
Efficient repair of chromosomal double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination relies on the formation of a Rad51 recombinase filament that forms on single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) created at DSB ends. This filament facilitates the search for a homologous donor sequence and promotes strand invasion. Recently caffeine treatment has been shown to prevent(More)
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