Jennifer M L Stephens

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Although acromegaly is a rare disease, the clinical, economic and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) burden is considerable due to the broad spectrum of comorbidities as well as the need for lifelong management. We performed a comprehensive literature review of the past 12 years (1998–2010) to determine the benefit of disease control (defined as a(More)
The purpose of this literature review was to identify and summarize published studies describing the epidemiology and management of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia represents 22-30% of all leukaemia cases with a worldwide incidence projected to be between < 1 and 5.5 per 100,000 people. Australia, the USA, Ireland and(More)
BACKGROUND Bisphosphonates are recommended to prevent skeletal related events (SREs) in patients with breast cancer and bone metastases (BCBM). However, their clinical and economic profiles vary from one agent to the other. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using modeling techniques, we simulated from the perspective of the UK's National Health Service (NHS) the cost(More)
PubMed, EMBASE and conference abstracts were reviewed systematically to determine the clinical and economic burden associated with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) acquired and treated in European healthcare facilities. Inclusion criteria were: published in the English language between 2000 and 2010, and study population of at least 20 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) may receive aggressive therapies (e.g., chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation (BMT)) that are thought to significantly affect HRQL. Therefore, the goal of this study was to assess the HRQL impact on patients of AML and its treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS An electronically assisted literature(More)
BACKGROUND Previous economic analyses evaluating treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTI) failed to include all direct treatment costs such as outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT). Our objective was to develop an economic model from a US payer perspective that includes all(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to examine the economic burden associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a deadly hematological malignancy. AML is the most common form of acute leukemia in adults, particularly in individuals over 60 years of age; AML also accounts for 15-20% of childhood leukemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic review was(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia represents 7-20% of all leukemia cases, with a worldwide incidence projected at less than one to two per 100,000 people. Approximately 85% of patients are diagnosed with chronic-phase chronic myelogenous leukemia and up to 40% are asymptomatic. Treatment strategies include chemotherapy, interferon-alpha therapy, transplantation(More)
Pain has been recognized as a problem of global proportions, and postoperative pain is one of the most common types of pain. Postoperative pain is acute and, although it is preventable and/or treatable, it is often undertreated. Lack of appropriate analgesic management has significant impact on clinical and economic outcomes. Negative clinical outcomes of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to assess the cost-effectiveness of cyclooxygenase-2 specific (COX-2) inhibitors (rofecoxib and celecoxib) over nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in high-risk arthritis patients from the perspective of the Veterans Health Administration (VA). METHODS This literature-based economic analysis (with(More)