Jennifer M. J. Richards

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Three inlet boundary condition datasets were derived from phase-contrast MRI: (i) centre line velocity data converted to two-dimensional (2D) velocity profile using Womersley equations (Womersley), (ii) 2D velocity profile with one axial component of velocity (1CV), (iii) 2D velocity profile with three components of velocity (3CV). Computational fluid(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular and hybrid procedures are not yet widely established in the management of type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA). Open surgery remains the treatment of choice until the long-term outcomes of these novel techniques are known. METHODS This study reviewed a 10-year experience of open repair of non-ruptured type IV and(More)
Inflammation occurs in the acutely infarcted myocardium in order to remove necrotic cellular debris and allow tissue remodelling. Excessive inflammation may follow reperfusion therapy and can have detrimental effects on healing and left ventricular (LV) remodelling. With the aim of improving outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (MI), novel drugs(More)
BACKGROUND Changes to the structure of medical training worldwide require doctors to decide on their career specialty at an increasingly early stage after graduation. We studied trends in career choices for surgery, and the eventual career destinations, of UK graduates who declared an early preference for surgery. METHODS Postal questionnaires were sent,(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic aneurysms are a major cause of death. Prediction of aneurysm expansion and rupture is challenging and currently relies on the simple measure of aneurysm diameter. Using MRI, we aimed to assess whether areas of cellular inflammation correlated with the rate of abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion. METHODS AND RESULTS Stable(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation following acute myocardial infarction (MI) has detrimental effects on reperfusion, myocardial remodelling, and ventricular function. Magnetic resonance imaging using ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide can detect cellular inflammation in tissues, and we therefore explored their role in acute MI in humans. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Cell therapy is an emerging and exciting novel treatment option for cardiovascular disease that relies on the delivery of functional cells to their target site. Monitoring and tracking cells to ensure tissue delivery and engraftment is a critical step in establishing clinical and therapeutic efficacy. The study aims were (1) to develop a Good(More)
Emergency surgical services in Edinburgh were restructured in July 2002 to deliver subspecialist management of colorectal and upper-gastrointestinal emergencies on separate sites. The effect of emergency subspecialization on outcome from perforated and bleeding peptic ulceration was assessed. All patients admitted with complicated peptic ulceration (January(More)
INTRODUCTION Delayed-onset paraplegia is an uncommon but devastating complication of thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair. REPORT We report the successful use of repeat cerebrospinal fluid drainage in the management of both immediate- and delayed-onset (21 days) paraplegia in the same patient undergoing open Type II thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair. (More)
In abdominal aortic aneurysm disease, the aortic wall is exposed to intense biological activity involving inflammation and matrix metalloproteinase-mediated degradation of the extracellular matrix. These processes are orchestrated by monocytes and rather than affecting the aorta uniformly, damage and weaken focal areas of the wall leaving it vulnerable to(More)