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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs able to regulate a broad range of protein-coding genes involved in many biological processes. miR-96 is a sensory organ-specific miRNA expressed in the mammalian cochlea during development. Mutations in miR-96 cause nonsyndromic progressive hearing loss in humans and mice. The mouse mutant diminuendo has a single(More)
miR-96 is a microRNA, a non-coding RNA gene which regulates a wide array of downstream genes. The miR-96 mouse mutant diminuendo exhibits deafness and arrested hair cell functional and morphological differentiation. We have previously shown that several genes are markedly downregulated in the diminuendo organ of Corti; one of these is Ptprq, a gene known to(More)
Although high densities of calcitonin (CT) receptors and potent CT-induced actions occur within the rat central nervous system, the physiological ligand for central receptors remains unidentified. This study identifies a salmon CT (sCT)-like peptide in extracts of rat brain. Aliquots of 1 M HCl brain extracts were reconstituted in 0.01 M acetic acid and(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media) is very common and can lead to serious complications if not resolved. Genetic studies suggest an inherited component, but few of the genes that contribute to this condition are known. Mouse mutants have contributed significantly to the identification of genes predisposing to otitis media RESULTS The(More)
Accumulating evidence supports the existence of nonthyroidal calcitonin (CT)-like peptides, more similar to fish CTs, which may act as endogenous regulators of CT receptors in brain and other tissues. In this study, we have carried out large-scale extractions from Sprague-Dawley rat brain diencephalon and pituitary, and purified a novel, biologically(More)
In this study the distribution of the calcitonin receptor isoforms, C1a and C1b, were mapped in rat brain using in vitro autoradiography and manipulation of their different pharmacological specificities. While salmon calcitonin binds to both receptors with high affinity, only the C1a receptor interacts with human calcitonin. Thus, the distribution of C1a(More)
This study investigates the poor reversibility of salmon calcitonin (sCT) binding to rat and human calcitonin receptors. Efficacy of CT and analogue peptides in (125)I-sCT binding competition and cAMP assays was compared with the dissociation kinetics of (125)I-labelled peptides. Assessment was performed on cells stably expressing either rat or human(More)
Mutations in the microRNA Mir96 cause deafness in mice and humans. In the diminuendo mouse, which carries a single base pair change in the seed region of miR-96, the sensory hair cells crucial for hearing fail to develop fully and retain immature characteristics, suggesting that miR-96 is important for coordinating hair cell maturation. Our previous(More)
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