Jennifer M Hartley

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The electrodeposition of metals from ionic solutions is intrinsically linked to the reactivity of the solute ions. When metal salts dissolve, the exchange of the anion with the molecular and ionic components from solution affects the speciation and therefore the characteristics of metal reduction. This study investigates the nucleation mechanism, deposition(More)
In this study we compare the electrochemical and structural properties of three gold salts AuCl, AuCN and KAu(CN)2 in a Deep Eutectic Solvent (DES) electrolyte (Ethaline 200) in order to elucidate factors affecting the galvanic deposition of gold coatings on nickel substrates. A chemically reversible diffusion limited response was observed for AuCl, whereas(More)
The speciation of metals in solution controls their reactivity, and this is extremely pertinent in the area of metal salts dissolved in ionic liquids. In the current study, the speciation of 25 metal salts is investigated in four deep eutectic solvents (DESs) and five imidazolium-based ionic liquids using extended X-ray absorption fine structure. It is(More)
Ionic liquids and deep eutectic solvents have great potential in metallurgical applications as specialised solvents. In order to design ionometallurgical electrowinning and electrorefining processes, it is essential to characterise the electrochemical behaviour of metal complexes and compare potentials between relevant solvents. For such investigations, a(More)
An understanding of the activity of a solute in solution is vital for utilising the full potential of a reactive species. In this work we determine the activity of metal salts in a variety of ionic liquids. Some solutions behave like classical non-polar solvents whereas other are practically ideal solutions up to 1 mol kg(-1) which allows standard redox(More)
The electrodeposition of chromium is a technologically vital process, which is principally carried out using aqueous chromic acid. In the current study, it is shown that eutectic mixtures of urea and hydrated chromium(III) chloride provide a liquid which reduces the toxicological issues associated with the current aqueous Cr(VI) electroplating solution.(More)
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