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High-grade transformation of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) (previously referred to as dedifferentiation) is a rare phenomenon that does not fit into the traditional ACC grading schemes. The importance and minimal criteria for distinction from solid (grade III) ACC are not well established. We report 11 new cases and review the literature to further define(More)
PURPOSE Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) where expression levels correlate with decreased survival. Therapies that block EGFR have shown limited efficacy in clinical trials and primarily when combined with standard therapy. The most common form of mutant EGFR (EGFRvIII) has been(More)
LAG1 is a longevity gene, the first such gene to be identified and cloned from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A close homolog of this gene, which we call LAC1, has been found in the yeast genome. We have cloned the human homolog of LAG1 with the ultimate goal of examining its possible function in human aging. In the process, we have also cloned a(More)
We combine particular features of the German civil service with the unique event of German reunification to test the theory of precautionary savings and to quantify the importance of self-selection into occupations due to differences in risk aversion. In the presence of self-selection, failing to control for risk aversion in empirical tests of precautionary(More)
Authors Brian P. Rubin, MD, PhD, FCAP* Departments of Anatomic Pathology and Molecular Genetics, Cleveland Clinic, Lerner Research Institute and Taussig Cancer Center, Cleveland, Ohio Cristina R. Antonescu, MD (Consultant) Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York Kumarasen Cooper, MBChB, DPhil, FRCPath Department(More)
CONTEXT Odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) are unique odontogenic lesions that have the potential to behave aggressively, that can recur, and that can be associated with the nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. Whether they are developmental or neoplastic continues to be debated. OBJECTIVES To identify loss of heterozygosity of tumor suppressor genes in OKCs(More)
Clinical staging of cervical lymph nodes from patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) has only 50% accuracy compared with definitive pathologic assessment. Consequently, both clinically positive and clinically negative patients frequently undergo neck dissections that may not be necessary. To address this potential overtreatment,(More)
This article provides an update on the current understanding of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck, including a review of its epidemiology, clinical behavior, pathology, molecular biology, diagnostic workup, treatment and prognosis. Adenoid cystic carcinoma is an uncommon salivary gland tumor that may arise in a wide variety of anatomical sites(More)
To further define the clinicopathologic spectrum of epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMCa), we report the gross, histologic, and immunophenotypic characteristics of 61 tumors seen within a 30-year-period. The mean age at presentation was 60.9 years, with a female predominance (1.5:1). The most common sites were parotid (62.1%), sinonasal mucoserous(More)
Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare but nearly universally fatal tumor. Epidemiologic data suggest that many anaplastic thyroid carcinomas arise from transformation of preexisting or coexisting well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas. At the molecular level, the mutations responsible for the anaplastic transformation are incompletely understood, although the(More)