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AIM In this paper we present a theory-based taxonomy of the methods used to implement change in practice. BACKGROUND Implementation research is characterized by inconsistent terminology for the methods employed and inattention to differences in the relevance of methods across different disciplines. Studies of the effectiveness of implementation have(More)
BACKGROUND A wide range of diverse and inconsistent terminology exists in the field of knowledge translation. This limits the conduct of evidence syntheses, impedes communication and collaboration, and undermines knowledge translation of research findings in diverse settings. Improving uniformity of terminology could help address these challenges. In 2012,(More)
In recent years increasing numbers of researchers have begun to investigate second language acquisition within the socio-cultural context in which it occurs using qualitative methods and approaches such as an ethnographic approach. This frequently entails audio and/or video recording of the participants in naturalistic contexts. Yet theoretical and(More)
Scholars in diverse health-related disciplines and specialty fields of practice routinely promote qualitative research as an essential component of intervention and implementation programs of research and of a comprehensive evidence base for practice. Remarkably little attention, however, has been paid to the most important element of qualitative(More)
Mixed methods-mixed research synthesis is a form of systematic review in which the findings of qualitative and quantitative studies are integrated via qualitative and/or quantitative methods. Although methodological advances have been made, efforts to differentiate research synthesis methods have been too focused on methods and not focused enough on the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to tailor a diabetes management intervention to the cultural and age-related needs and preferences of older, rural African American women. METHODS Findings from exploratory research, clinical experience, and review of the literature were used to inform the development of a culture- and function-specific intervention.(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this article was to describe effective recruitment and retention strategies used in a community-based intervention study for older, rural African American women with type 2 diabetes. METHODS The study's design was a randomized control test using a 3-group experimental design in a sample of 180 older, rural African American women (55(More)
BACKGROUND Public health and other practitioners increasingly are being asked to implement policy and environmental change interventions, yet many practitioners lack the knowledge, skills, and resources to do so. In response to this need, a growing number of organizations are disseminating evidence-based interventions (EBIs) and building practitioners'(More)
AIM This paper is a report of a synthesis of evidence on implementation of interventions to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy. BACKGROUND Evidence on efficacy must be supplemented with evidence on how interventions were implemented in practice and on how that implementation varied across populations and settings. DATA SOURCES Sixty-one reports(More)