Jennifer L Shoemaker

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor neuron loss, paralysis and death within 2-5 years of diagnosis. Currently, no effective pharmacological agents exist for the treatment of this devastating disease. Neuroinflammation may accelerate the progression of ALS. Cannabinoids produce(More)
This study examined the ability of the endocannabinoids 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) and noladin ether as well as the synthetic cannabinoid CP-55,940 [(-)-cis-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)phenyl]-trans-4-(3-hydroxypropyl) cyclohexanol] to regulate three intracellular effectors via CB2 receptors in transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells. Although(More)
The PO(2)-dependent binding of chloride to Hb decreases the Cl(-) concentration of the red blood cell (RBC) intracellular fluid in venous blood to approximately 1-3 mmol/l less than that in arterial blood. This change is physiologically important because 1) Cl(-) is a negative heterotropic allosteric effector of Hb that competes for binding sites with(More)
Noladin ether (NE) is a putative endogenously occurring cannabinoid demonstrating agonist activity at CB1 receptors. Because of reported selective affinity for CB1 receptors, the pharmacological actions of NE at CB2 receptors have not been examined. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize the binding and functional properties of NE at human(More)
Oxidative stress occurs in remote liver injury, but the origin of the oxidant generation has yet to be thoroughly delineated. Some reports suggest that the source of the distant oxidative stress originates from the site of initial insult [i.e., xanthine oxidase (XO)]; however, it could also be derived from sources such as phagocytic and/or vascular NAD(P)H(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperoxic reperfusion from global ischemia worsens functional outcome because of oxygen radical-mediated injury. This study tested the hypothesis that hyperoxic reperfusion would exacerbate postischemic renal dysfunction. METHODS Twenty-nine healthy, uninephrectomized, male mongrel rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in 3 groups were subjected to(More)
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