Jennifer L Sandrik

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Gutta-percha endodontic filling points were found to contain approximately 20% gutta-percha (matrix), 66% zinc oxide (filler), 11% heavy metal sulfates (radiopacifier), and 3% waxes and/or resins (plasticizer). The mechanical properties were indicative of a partially crystalline viscoelastic polymeric material. They were found to obey Hooke's law and(More)
Research concerning bleaching agents on the mechanical properties of composite resin restorative materials has produced conflicting reports. Representative brands of composite resin restorative materials were studied, including microfil, hybrid, and posterior types. The bleaching agents selected were 30% hydrogen peroxide and two commercial brands of 10%(More)
In nonavian dinosaur long bones, the once-living chondroepiphysis (joint surface) overlay a now-fossilized calcified cartilage zone. Although the shape of this zone is used to infer nonavian dinosaur locomotion, it remains unclear how much it reflects chondroepiphysis shape. We tested the hypothesis that calcified cartilage shape reflects the overlying(More)
The importance of accurate, reliable recording mediums cannot be understated. Function and esthetics are directly related to this critical step. Dental recording materials must be accurate, easily manipulated, and economical for effective use. Five types of intraoral records of 31 patients were registered and placed on an arcon, semiadjustable articulator(More)
Bipedalism evolved multiple times within archosaurs, and relatively shorter forelimbs characterize both crocodyliforms and nonavian dinosaurs. Analysis of a comprehensive ontogenetic sequence of specimens (embryo to adult) of the sauropodomorph Massospondylus has shown that bipedal limb proportions result from negative forelimb allometry. We ask, is(More)
The solubility in water and 37% phosphoric acid, and compressive strength of four brands of hard-setting calcium hydroxide base materials were studied. Results were highly variable among brands and no correlations appeared to exist between properties studied. One product was significantly different from the others with regard to acid solubility and(More)
A method was devised to study the bond strength of direct-bonding orthodontic adhesives. A shear load was applied parallel to the tooth-adhesive-bracket interface by means of an Instron Universal Testing Machine. The bond strength was found to increase for some products after 27 days. However, no significant differences could be detected 1 day after(More)
Numerous factors are known to effect the accuracy of elastomeric impression materials. Factors often overlooked are the quality of the bond between low-viscosity and high-viscosity elastomers and the presumed cohesive bond between materials during an impression reline procedure. This study examined the bond strength of condensation polymerization(More)