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Use of leaf meters to provide an instantaneous assessment of leaf chlorophyll has become common, but calibration of meter output into direct units of leaf chlorophyll concentration has been difficult and an understanding of the relationship between these two parameters has remained elusive. We examined the correlation of soybean (Glycine max) and maize (Zea(More)
The NOTCH1 receptor is cleaved within its extracellular domain by furin during its maturation, yielding two subunits that are held together noncovalently by a juxtamembrane heterodimerization (HD) domain. Normal NOTCH1 signaling is initiated by the binding of ligand to the extracellular subunit, which renders the transmembrane subunit susceptible to two(More)
Agmatine, a product of arginine decarboxylation in mammalian cells, is believed to govern cell polyamines by inducing antizyme, which in turn suppresses ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and polyamine uptake. However, since agmatine is structurally similar to the polyamines, it is possible that it exerts antizyme-independent actions on polyamine(More)
The nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) receives primary visceral afferents and sends projections to other autonomic nuclei at all levels of the neuroaxis. However, it is unknown if distinct populations of NTS neurons project to individual autonomic targets or if individual neurons in the NTS project to multiple autonomic targets. Understanding the basic(More)
Kainate receptors (KARs) are involved in the modulation and transmission of nociceptive information from peripheral afferents to neurons in the spinal cord and trigeminal dorsal horns. KARs are found at both pre- and postsynaptic sites in the dorsal horn. We hypothesized that KARs and Substance P (SP), a modulatory neuropeptide that is used as a marker of(More)
We describe a multifunctional inositol polyphosphate kinase/phosphotransferase from Solanum tuberosum, StITPKalpha (GenBank accession number: EF362784), hereafter called StITPK1. StITPK1 displays inositol 3,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate 1-kinase activity: K(m) = 27 microM, and V(max) = 19 nmol min(-1) mg(-1). The enzyme displays inositol(More)
Leptin contributes to the regulation of thermogenesis. In rodents, sympathetic nerve activity efferent to interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT-SNA) is involved. On the basis of the hypotheses that 1) leptin acutely potentiates hypothermia-induced increases in IBAT-SNA; 2) this action of leptin is specific to IBAT-SNA, i.e., it does not occur with renal(More)
BACKGROUND Notch receptors are normally cleaved during maturation by a furin-like protease at an extracellular site termed S1, creating a heterodimer of non-covalently associated subunits. The S1 site lies within a key negative regulatory region (NRR) of the receptor, which contains three highly conserved Lin12/Notch repeats and a heterodimerization domain(More)
Single applications of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), mezerein or ethyl phenylpropriolate (EPP) to mouse skin at appropriate doses cause similar degrees of hyperplasia and comparable levels of induction of epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity. Multiple (n = 5) treatments with these agents, in contrast, resulted in large differences(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has protective effects in the heart. We hypothesized that GLP-1 would mitigate coronary microvascular and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction if administered after cardiac arrest and resuscitation (CAR). Eighteen swine were subjected to ventricular fibrillation followed by resuscitation. Swine surviving to return of spontaneous(More)