Jennifer L. Martin

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Sulfonation is an important reaction in the metabolism of numerous xenobiotics, drugs, and endogenous compounds. A supergene family of enzymes called sulfotransferases (SULTs) catalyze this reaction. In most cases, the addition of a sulfonate moiety to a compound increases its water solubility and decreases its biological activity. However, many of these(More)
The S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferase enzymes share little sequence identity, but incorporate a highly conserved structural fold. Surprisingly, residues that bind the common cofactor are poorly conserved, although the binding site is localised to the same region of the fold. The substrate-binding region of the fold varies enormously. Over the(More)
Behavioral scientists have increasingly included inflammatory biology as mechanisms in their investigation of psychosocial dynamics on the pathobiology of disease. However, a lack of standardization of inclusion and exclusion criteria and assessment of relevant control variables impacts the interpretation of these studies. The present paper reviews and(More)
The immunophilin FKBP12 is an evolutionarily conserved abundant protein; however, its physiological roles remain poorly defined. Here we report that FKBP12 is a common cytoplasmic interactor of TGF beta family type I receptors. FKBP12 binds to ligand-free TGF beta type I receptor, from which it is released upon a ligand-induced, type II receptor mediated(More)
Sulfonation catalyzed by sulfotransferase enzymes plays an important role in chemical defense mechanisms against various xenobiotics but also bioactivates carcinogens. A major human sulfotransferase, SULT1A1, metabolizes and/or bioactivates many endogenous compounds and is implicated in a range of cancers because of its ability to modify diverse promutagen(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To examine the validity of self-reported survey estimates of sleep patterns in adolescents through a comparison of retrospective survey descriptions of usual school- and weekend-night sleep habits with diary-reported sleep patterns and actigraphically estimated sleep behaviors over a subsequent week. DESIGN AND SETTING High school(More)
Proteins that contain disulphide bonds are often slow to fold in vitro because the oxidation and correct pairing of the cysteine residues is rate limiting. The folding of such proteins is greatly accelerated in Escherichia coli by DsbA, but the mechanism of this rate enhancement is not well understood. Here we report the crystal structure of oxidized DsbA(More)
Sulfonation, like phosphorylation, can modify the activity of a variety of biological molecules. The sulfotransferase enzymes sulfonate neurotransmitters, drugs, steroid hormones, dietary carcinogens and proteins. SULT1A3 specifically sulfonates catecholamines such as dopamine, adrenaline and noradrenaline. The crystal structure of SULT1A3 with a sulfate(More)
Munc18-1 and Syntaxin1 are essential proteins for SNARE-mediated neurotransmission. Munc18-1 participates in synaptic vesicle fusion via dual roles: as a docking/chaperone protein by binding closed Syntaxin1, and as a fusion protein that binds SNARE complexes in a Syntaxin1 N-peptide dependent manner. The two roles are associated with a closed-open(More)
BACKGROUND The redox proteins that incorporate a thioredoxin fold have diverse properties and functions. The bacterial protein-folding factor DsbA is the most oxidizing of the thioredoxin family. DsbA catalyzes disulfide-bond formation during the folding of secreted proteins. The extremely oxidizing nature of DsbA has been proposed to result from either(More)