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The corticobulbar projection to musculotopically defined subsectors of the facial nucleus was studied from the face representation of the primary (M1), supplementary (M2), rostral cingulate (M3), caudal cingulate (M4) and ventral lateral pre- (LPMCv) motor cortices in the rhesus monkey. We also investigated the corticofacial projection from the face/arm(More)
Localization of the corticofugal projection in the corona radiata (CR) and internal capsule (IC) can assist in evaluating a patient's residual motor capacity following subtotal brain damage and predicting their potential for functional restitution. To advance our understanding of the organization of the corticofugal projection in this critical brain region,(More)
The corticospinal projection from the cingulate motor cortex to the lower cervical enlargement (C5-T1) was investigated in four rhesus monkeys. Each received an injection of biotinylated dextran amine involving the arm representation of M3 (area 24c) or M4 (area 23c). In M3 cases, contralateral terminal label occurred in the lateral part of laminae V and VI(More)
BACKGROUND Pembrolizumab is a monoclonal antibody that is designed against programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1). Pembrolizumab and other immunocheckpoint-blocking monoclonal antibodies work by modulating a patient's own immune system to increase anti-tumor activity. While immunocheckpoint blockade has shown promising results, only 20-40 % of patients(More)
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