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BACKGROUND Previous literature has shown a divergence by age in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and substance use: adolescents with low SES are more likely to engage in substance use, as are adults with high SES. However, there is growing evidence that adolescents with high SES are also at high risk for substance abuse. The objective of(More)
BACKGROUND The proportion of people in the United States with multiple chronic medical conditions (MCMC) is increasing. Yet, little is known about the relationship that race, ethnicity, and psychiatric disorders have on the prevalence of MCMCs in the general population. METHODS This study used data from wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine care system choices for Veterans dually-eligible for VA and Medicare FFS following changes in VA eligibility policy, which expanded availability of VA health care services. DATA SOURCES VA and Medicare FFS enrollment and outpatient utilization databases in 1999 and 2004. STUDY DESIGN Multinomial logistic regression was used to(More)
Growing awareness of health and health care disparities highlights the importance of including information about race, ethnicity, and culture (REC) in health research. Reporting of REC factors in research publications, however, is notoriously imprecise and unsystematic. This article describes the development of a checklist to assess the comprehensiveness(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to evaluate 2 approaches with varying time and complexity in engaging adolescents with an Internet-based preventive intervention for depression in primary care. The authors conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing primary care physician motivational interview (MI, 5-10 minutes) + Internet program versus brief advice(More)
We examine school performance among 83 adolescents at risk for major depression. Negative mood interfered with subjective measures of school performance, including ability to do well in school, homework completion, concentrate in class, interact with peers, and going to class. No significant relationships were found for mood and objective measures of school(More)
The stress of immigration can increase risk for major depressive disorder (MDD), while cultural factors can contribute to difficulty in diagnosis and treatment of MDD among immigrant populations. Consequently, immigrants are less likely to have their treatment needs met. Our goal was to assess the unmet need for the diagnosis and treatment of depression(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, we examined the pursuit of education and employment among participants in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) Connection Program (Dixon et al., 2015; Essock et al., 2015), a first-episode psychosis (FEP) treatment program emphasizing participation in school and work. METHOD Data were collected between 2011(More)
Life is Precious (LIP) was developed to help reduce suicidal behavior in Latina adolescents. As part of an external evaluation of the LIP program, we conducted focus groups with adolescent participants and mothers to learn whether participants and families believe that the activities of LIP address risks for suicidal behavior. Four focus groups were(More)
OBJECTIVE A class action lawsuit in New York (Koskinas v. Cuomo) established the right of psychiatric inpatients to receive discharge planning, including arranging outpatient treatment. The attendance rate of the initial outpatient appointment after discharge from inpatient treatment in one city hospital was examined to determine whether rates varied by(More)