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Mental health among university students represents an important and growing public health concern for which epidemiological data are needed. A Web-based survey was administered to a random sample at a large public university with a demographic profile similar to the national student population. Depressive and anxiety disorders were assessed with the Patient(More)
Mental health problems represent a potentially important but relatively unexplored factor in explaining human capital accumulation during college. We conduct the first study, to our knowledge, of how mental health predicts academic success during college in a random longitudinal sample of students. We find that depression is a significant predictor of lower(More)
This study is the first, to our knowledge, to evaluate the relationship between mental health and social support in a large, random sample of college students. A Web-based survey was administered at a large, public university, with 1,378 students completing the measures in this analysis (response rate = 57%). The results support our hypothesis that students(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify factors that may explain hospital-level differences in outcomes of programs to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infections. DESIGN Extensive qualitative case study comparing higher- and lower-performing hospitals on the basis of reduction in the rate of central line-associated bloodstream infections. In-depth interviews(More)
Antiplatelets and statins are efficacious for preventing future cardiovascular events in patients with coronary heart disease. Disparity in cardiovascular outcomes exists by race/ethnicity and gender; however, few studies have explored potential disparities in long-term antiplatelet and statin use by race/ethnicity and gender. We conducted a repeated(More)
BACKGROUND Inappropriate emergency department (ED) use among Medicaid enrollees is considered a problem because of cost. We developed and evaluated a system change innovation designed to remove system barriers to primary care access for Medicaid patients. METHODS Patients who presented to the ED without an identified primary care provider were randomized(More)
RATIONALE Children dependent on mechanical ventilation are a vulnerable population by virtue of their chronic disability and are therefore at increased risk for health disparities and access barriers. The present study is the first, to our knowledge, to conduct a large-scale survey of caregivers of ventilator-dependent children to develop a comprehensive(More)
Background. Current health services interventions focus on the treatment of the musculoskeletal impairments of cerebral palsy (CP). The goal of this study was to explore whether the severity of physical symptoms correlates with psychosocial quality of life (QOL) among pediatric patients with CP. Methods. A sample of 53 caregivers of children with CP was(More)
While preventing health care-associated infections (HAIs) can save lives and reduce health care costs, efforts designed to eliminate HAIs have had mixed results. Variability in contextual factors such as work culture and management practices has been suggested as a potential explanation for inconsistent results across organizations and interventions. We(More)