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Cell expansion in plants requires cell wall biosynthesis and rearrangement. During periods of rapid elongation, such as during the growth of etiolated hypocotyls and primary root tips, cells respond dramatically to perturbation of either of these processes. There is growing evidence that this response is initiated by a cell wall integrity-sensing mechanism(More)
Although adrenal tumors detected during pregnancy are extraordinarily rare, the pathophysiologic repercussions of untreated adrenal neoplasms are enormous to both mother and fetus. From our computer-based registry of pregnant patients from 1975 through 1996 (n = 30,246), four cases of adrenal neoplasms associated with pregnancy were identified (0.013%),(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide insight into the experience of low-income immigrant Latino couples seeking infertility treatment. DESIGN Qualitative interview study. SETTING Infertility clinic at a university-affiliated urban public teaching hospital. PATIENT(S) Infertile low-income immigrant Latino couples (105 women and 40 men). INTERVENTION(S) In-depth,(More)
In three experiments, match-to-sample procedures were used with undergraduates to establish arbitrary relational functions for three abstract visual stimuli. In the presence of samples A, B, and C, participants were trained to select the smallest, middle, and largest member, respectively, of a series of three-comparison arrays. In Experiment 1, the B(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe frozen embryo holders' expectations and perceptions of IVF clinic information, support, and storage fees and their relevance to embryo disposition decision making. DESIGN Qualitative interview study. SETTING Three northern California IVF practices. PATIENT(S) One hundred six families (110 women and 74 men) with an average of six(More)
BACKGROUND In March of 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Sientra's application for premarket approval for its Silimed brand silicone gel implants, based on data from the largest silicone gel breast implant study to date. This was the first approval for shaped silicone gel breast implants. This article presents the results of Sientra's(More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary efforts to demonstrate the utility of a self-rated version of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) have been promising; however, earlier reports are based on small clinical samples. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the level of agreement between the clinician-administered Y-BOCS and a self-report(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare aortic intima media thickness (aIMT) to carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) as a marker of early atherosclerosis in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and to examine the associations of aIMT to known cardiovascular risk factors. STUDY DESIGN 66 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (age, 14.1 +/- 2.5 years; 37 male) and 32(More)
BACKGROUND Although there are a few broadly agreed on contributory factors, the multifaceted causes of capsular contracture have remained unresolved for decades. This study investigates a variety of potential risk factors that contribute to capsular contracture in primary augmentation patients. METHODS The data used for this analysis include 5109 implants(More)
CONTEXT Determining the etiology of delayed puberty during initial evaluation can be challenging. Specifically, clinicians often cannot distinguish constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP) from isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH), with definitive diagnosis of IHH awaiting lack of spontaneous puberty by age 18 yr. However, the ability to(More)