Jennifer L. Goulet

Learn More
Arachidonic acid metabolism by 5-lipoxygenase leads to production of the potent inflammatory mediators, leukotriene (LT) B4 and the cysteinyl LT. Relative synthesis of these subclasses of LT, each with different proinflammatory properties, depends on the expression and subsequent activity of LTA4 hydrolase and LTC4 synthase, respectively. LTA4 hydrolase(More)
Leukotrienes have been implicated in the regulation of immune responses, including inflammation and immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Here, we describe the phenotypic analysis of leukotriene-deficient mice generated by inactivation of the 5-lipoxygenase (5LO) gene. These 5LO(-/-) mice were unable to synthesize detectable levels of leukotrienes and were(More)
Chronically elevated shear stress and inflammation are important in hypertensive lung vessel remodeling. We postulate that 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) is a molecular determinant of these processes. Immunohistology localized the 5-LO to macrophages of normal and chronically hypoxic rat lungs and also to vascular endothelial cells in chronically hypoxic lungs only.(More)
The transition to pulmonary respiration following birth requires rapid alterations in the structure of the mammalian cardiovascular system. One dramatic change that occurs is the closure and remodeling of the ductus arteriosus (DA), an arterial connection in the fetus that directs blood flow away from the pulmonary circulation. A role for prostaglandins in(More)
To identify the E-prostanoid (EP) receptors that mediate the hemodynamic actions of PGE2, we studied acute vascular responses to infusions of PGE2 using lines of mice in which each of four EP receptors (EP1 through EP4) have been disrupted by gene targeting. In mixed groups of males and females, vasodepressor responses after infusions of PGE2 were(More)
Leukotrienes are lipid mediators that evoke primarily proinflammatory responses by activating receptors present on virtually all cells. The production of leukotrienes is tightly regulated, and expression of 5-lipoxygenase, the enzyme required for the first step in leukotriene synthesis, is generally restricted to leukocytes. Arachidonic acid released from(More)
Lipid bodies, lipid rich cytoplasmic inclusions, are characteristically abundant in vivo in leukocytes associated with inflammation. Because lipid bodies are potential reservoirs of esterified arachidonate and sites at which eicosanoid-forming enzymes may localize, we evaluated mechanisms of lipid body formation in neutrophils (PMN). Among receptor-mediated(More)
Leukotrienes are potent inflammatory mediators synthesized from arachidonic acid (AA) predominately by cells of myeloid origin. The synthesis of these lipids is believed to be dependent not only on the expression of the enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), which catalyzes the first steps in the synthesis of leukotrienes, but also on expression of a nuclear(More)
PGs are derived from arachidonic acid by PG-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS)-1 and PTGS2. Although enhanced levels of PGs are present during acute and chronic inflammation, a functional role for prostanoids in inflammation has not been clearly defined. Using a series of genetically engineered mice, we find that PTGS1 has the capacity to induce acute(More)
The kidney plays a central role in long-term regulation of arterial blood pressure and salt and water homeostasis. This is achieved in part by the local actions of paracrine and autacoid mediators such as the arachidonic acid-prostanoid system. The present study tested the role of specific PGE(2) E-prostanoid (EP) receptors in the regulation of renal(More)