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UNLABELLED TNF-alpha is a major inflammatory factor that is induced in response to injury, and it contributes to the normal regulatory processes of bone resorption. The role of TNF-alpha during fracture healing was examined in wild-type and TNF-alpha receptor (p55(-/-)/p75(-/-))-deficient mice. The results show that TNF-alpha plays an important regulatory(More)
INTRODUCTION Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is characterized by the induction of highly vascularized new bone formation through an intramembranous process largely devoid of the formation of cartilage. MATERIALS AND METHODS To test the hypothesis that DO is strictly dependent on vascualrization, we inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)(More)
Rat and mouse femur and tibia fracture calluses were collected over various time increments of healing. Serial sections were produced at spatial segments across the fracture callus. Standard histological methods and in situ hybridization to col1a1 and col2a1 mRNAs were used to define areas of cartilage and bone formation as well as tissue areas undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase-2-specific anti-inflammatory drugs (coxibs) and nonspecific nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to inhibit experimental fracture-healing. The present study tested the hypothesis that these effects are reversible after short-term treatment. METHODS With use of a standard model of fracture-healing, identical ED50(More)
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex human disorder characterized by progressive skin fibrosis. To better understand the molecular basis of dermal fibrosis in SSc, we analyzed microarray gene expression in skin of the Tight-skin (Tsk) mouse, an animal model where skin fibrosis is caused by an in-frame duplication in fibrillin-1 (Fbn-1). Tsk skin showed(More)
The relative effectiveness of three acoustic measures (jitter, shimmer, and harmonic/noise ratio) in predicting the dysphonic severity of a diverse clinical population singly and together was investigated. Phonatory samples were recorded from 20 normal subjects and 60 patients representing 3 laryngeal groups (nodules, paralysis, and functional). The(More)
The purpose of the study was to explore an interaction between pathologic voice type and the acoustic prediction of dysphonic severity. One hundred and two phonatory samples, representing a wide range of laryngeal conditions, were categorized by listeners into three voice types: breathy, rough, and hoarse. A second group of trained listeners rated the(More)
We hypothesized that acoustic measures would predict dysphonic severity with differential results for pathological voice types. An instructional program based upon synthesized voice signals was developed to facilitate an awareness of prototypical voice types. Eighty phonatory samples representing normal subjects as well as patients with unilateral vocal(More)
Fractures initiate one round of endochondral bone formation in which callus cells differentiate in a synchronous manner that temporally phenocopies the spatial variation of endochondral development of a growth plate. During fracture healing C57BL/6J (B6) mice initiate chondrogenesis earlier and develop more cartilage than bone, whereas C3H/HeJ (C3H) mice(More)
Considering the widespread use of the sustained vowel in the evaluation of voice disorders, our objective was to study the degree to which the vowel is representative of voice in continuous speech. Phonatory samples were recorded from 20 normal subjects and 60 patients representing commonly occurring voice problems (nodules, unilateral paralysis, and(More)