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An automated multimodal warping based on mutual information metric (MI) as a mapping cost function is demonstrated. Mutual information (I) is calculated from a two-dimensional (2D) gray scale histogram of an image pair, and MI (= -I) provides a matching cost function which can be effective in registration of two- or three-dimensional data sets independent(More)
This paper applies and evaluates an automatic mutual information-based registration algorithm across a broad spectrum of multimodal volume data sets. The algorithm requires little or no pre-processing, minimal user input and easily implements either affine, i.e. linear or thin-plate spline (TPS) warped registrations. We have evaluated the algorithm in(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasingly being recognized as a highly heterogeneous disorder, composed of varying pathobiology. Accurate detection of COPD subtypes by image biomarkers is urgently needed to enable individualized treatment, thus improving patient outcome. We adapted the parametric response map (PRM), a voxel-wise image(More)
An automated retrospective image registration based on mutual information is adapted to a multislice functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) acquisition protocol to provide accurate motion correction. Motion correction is performed by mapping each slice to an anatomic volume data set acquired in the same fMRI session to accommodate inter-slice head(More)
Studies investigating dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging-determined relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) maps as a metric of treatment response assessment have generated conflicting results. We evaluated the potential of various analytical techniques to predict survival of patients with glioma treated with chemoradiation. rCBV maps(More)
The majority of adults over the age of 65 y develop osteoarthritis (OA), a joint disease characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage and subchondral sclerosis. Early in the disease, the articular cartilage surface begins to change histologically from a smooth to a rough or fibrillated appearance. A prerequisite for any chondroprotective(More)
Recent methods of magnetic resonance imaging involve the placement of a grid of planes of saturation over the imaging plane; distortion of the grid corresponds to tissue displacement in two dimensions. An extension to this method that allows measurement of motion in the third dimension involves a second acquisition that tilts the grid, allowing analysis of(More)
Genomic amplification of the gene encoding and phosphorylation of the protein FADD (Fas-associated death domain) is associated with poor clinical outcome in lung cancer and in head and neck cancer. Activating mutations in the guanosine triphosphatase RAS promotes cell proliferation in various cancers. Increased abundance of phosphorylated FADD in(More)
We demonstrate the ability to register easily and accurately volumetric ultrasound scans without significant data preprocessing or user intervention. Two volumetric ultrasound breast scan data sets were acquired from two different patients with breast cancer. Volumetric scan data were acquired by manually sweeping a linear array transducer mounted on a(More)