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We measured arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and serum erythropoietin (EPO) levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and in healthy subjects. SaO2 profile was analyzed as the cumulative distribution of SaO2 over time. OSAS patients spent 25.5 +/- 30.9% (SD) of the time at SaO2 of less than 88% vs. 0.64 +/- 1.6% in healthy subjects (P(More)
To determine the potential impact of recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) therapy in patients undergoing autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and colony-stimulating factor therapy, we assayed endogenous serum EPO levels and noted blood transfusion requirements in relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients treated with high-dose chemo-radiation(More)
During obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), respiratory activation of upper airway muscles, particularly genioglossus, is ineffective during sleep. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) of muscles reportedly reduces the number and length of OSAs. Our goals were to examine the effect of FES on sensation during wakefulness and on OSA events. Studies were(More)
The extent to which brief daily handling and longer periods of separation from the mother during the first 2 weeks of life can affect play behavior in juvenile rats was assessed. Rat pups were separated from the mother for either 15 min daily (handling) or for 3 hr daily (maternal separation), and play was observed as juveniles. Overall levels of(More)
Recent studies have suggested that the inhalation of cold air through the nose is associated with the subsequent release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity. To determine if mucosal surface heat and water loss influence the nasal functional response to cold air, we measured nasal resistance by posterior rhinomanometry before and 1, 5, and 10 min(More)
BACKGROUND Establishment of secure airway is a critical part of neonatal resuscitation both in the delivery room and in the neonatal unit. Videolaryngoscopy is a new technique that has the potential to facilitate successful endotracheal intubation and decrease adverse consequences of delay in airway stabilization. Videolaryngoscopy may enhance visualization(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the accuracy and dynamic response characteristics of traditional transmittance pulse oximeters and a new reflectance pulse oximeter with regard to the current standard in oximetry, the Hewlett-Packard ear oximeter. Studies were performed with 15 healthy male and female subjects. A rebreathing technique was(More)
The effect of nasal continuous positive pressure (CPAP) treatment on erythropoietin (EPO) was examined by measuring diurnal serum EPO levels before and twice (over the 3rd day and over 1 day on recall after > or = 1 mo of therapy) after initiation of treatment in 12 obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients with normal hemoglobin, hematocrit, creatinine,(More)
This study evaluated arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) over time in a randomly selected group of quadriplegic patients to assess whether clinical history prospectively correlated with profiles of oxygen saturation. In 16 stable male quadriplegic patients (C4-T5), we used pulse oximetry to measure SaO2 over a 24 hour period. Measured values of SaO2 were(More)
This report details our observations on rhinitic reactions in nonatopic professional beauticians in whom an etiologic agent for occupational symptoms was not previously determined. Exposure to permanent wave solutions in a laboratory setting caused clinical symptoms and significant laboratory evidence of nasal airway obstruction. In one patient, previous(More)