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BACKGROUND A propensity to attend to other people's emotions is a necessary condition for human empathy. AIMS To test our hypothesis that psychopathic disorder begins as a failure to attend to the eyes of attachment figures, using a `love' scenario in young children. METHOD Children with oppositional defiant disorder, assessed for callous-unemotional(More)
The neurodevelopmental paradigm of schizophrenia (Sz) proposes a lifelong process of brain pathology as the cause of the disorder. Investigating the early phenotype of Sz, we rated videotapes of children at risk for Sz for early manifestations of thought disorder and Sz-related symptoms, using the Scale for the Assessment of Thought, Language, and(More)
UNLABELLED The New York High-Risk Project (NYHRP) is a longitudinal study of offspring of parents with schizophrenia or affective disorder and normal controls. Neuropsychological deficits had been observed at about age 9 in subjects with adulthood schizophrenia. We explored whether in these subjects, early signs of clinical schizophrenia-related symptoms,(More)
BACKGROUND We previously hypothesised that the early development of psychopathy is associated with a failure to attend to the eyes of attachment figures, and we have presented preliminary data from a parent-child 'love' scenario in support of this. Here, we confirm the association in a larger sample and test mechanisms of impaired eye contact during(More)
BACKGROUND The present study examines frequency of DSM-IV symptom and diagnostic criteria for separation anxiety disorder (SAD) by informant, age, and sex. METHODS Children aged 4-15 years with a primary DSM-IV diagnosis of SAD (N=106) were assessed using structured diagnostic interviews (Kinder-DIPS; DSM-IV-TR Version). Frequency of DSM-IV symptom and(More)
The current study evaluated the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of separation anxiety, the Separation Anxiety Daily Diary (SADD). Mother and child participants consisted of three groups: 96 children (aged 4-15 years) with separation anxiety disorder, 49 children with "other" anxiety disorders, and 43 healthy controls. The SADD assesses(More)
Hoarding has been considered a subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Planned revisions to the diagnostic criteria propose that hoarding form a separate diagnosis in a larger category of obsessive compulsive related disorders. To date, there have been few direct comparisons between hoarding and those with other symptoms of OCD. This study builds on(More)
To assess the effectiveness of providing training in elaborative, emotion rich reminiscing (emotional reminiscing, ER) as an adjunct to Parent Management Training (PMT) for parents of children (N = 38, M age = 56.9, SD = 15.8 months) with oppositional behaviors. Control parents received PMT and non-language adjunct intervention, child-directed play. All(More)
The present study compared the number of severe life events and chronic adversities as reported retrospectively by mothers of children with an anxiety disorder (n = 39) prior to the onset of their most recent episode, with controls (n = 39) matched for age and sex. The parent version of the Psychosocial Assessment of Childhood Experiences (PACE) was used to(More)