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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to evaluate a catheter-based porcine model for reperfused myocardial infarction and investigate the appropriate location and duration of the occlusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS A balloon catheter was placed in the left descending coronary artery (LAD) in 78 swine, and used to occlude the LAD. To evaluate this model, left(More)
BACKGROUND Although peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA) is frequently observed on post-stenting optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, the histology associated with PLIA is undocumented. METHODS AND RESULTS The 36 porcine coronary lesions treated with bare-metal (BMS: n=16) or drug-eluting (DES: n=20) stents were assessed by OCT and histology at 28(More)
RATIONALE Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) hold great promise for the development of patient-specific therapies for cardiovascular disease. However, clinical translation will require preclinical optimization and validation of large-animal iPSC models. OBJECTIVE To successfully derive endothelial cells from porcine iPSCs and demonstrate their(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was performed to determine the potential efficacy of an automated device with a load-distributing band (AutoPulse, Revivant Corporation), in improving neurologically intact survival after cardiac arrest. DESIGN Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING University animal laboratory. SUBJECTS Forty-four swine (18-23 kg). INTERVENTIONS(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility of reporter gene imaging in implanted human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in porcine myocardium by using clinical positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) scanning. MATERIALS AND METHODS Animal protocols were approved by the Institutional Administrative Panel on Laboratory Animal Care. Transduction of(More)
Chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO) remains a major problem for percutaneous revascularization, with relatively low primary success rates and a high incidence of restenosis and reocclusion compared with those of subtotal stenoses. No reproducible animal model simulating human CTOs has previously been developed. We hypothesized that an apatite-coated(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) continues to revolutionize the treatment of coronary atherosclerosis and technologic advances require a preclinical coronary stenosis model. The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate a porcine restenosis model of thermal balloon injury compared to stent overstretching. METHODS To evaluate(More)
Derivation of patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) opens a new avenue for future applications of regenerative medicine. However, before iPSCs can be used in a clinical setting, it is critical to validate their in vivo fate following autologous transplantation. Thus far, preclinical studies have been limited to small animals and have yet(More)
BACKGROUND Gadolinium (Gd)-based delayed-enhancement MRI (DEMRI) identifies nonviable myocardium but is nonspecific and may overestimate nonviable territory. Manganese (Mn(2+))-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) denotes specific Mn(2+) uptake into viable cardiomyocytes. We performed a dual-contrast myocardial assessment in a porcine ischemia-reperfusion (IR) model to(More)
Human Amnion-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hAMSCs) were transplanted into the infarct and peri-infarct regions of a pig ischemia-reperfusion model. The hAMSC therapy improved cardiac systolic function post-MI, compared to control animals, and Cardiac MRI with Manganese-Enhanced MRI (MEMRI) was able to detect increased CNR from live populations of hAMSCs(More)