Jennifer K Johnson

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Until recently, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has caused predominantly healthcare-associated infections. We studied MRSA infections and overall skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in outpatients receiving care at the Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center Emergency Care Service during 2001-2005. We found an increase in MRSA(More)
BACKGROUND The high prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has led clinicians to select antibiotics that have coverage against MRSA, usually vancomycin, for empiric therapy for suspected staphylococcal infections. Clinicians often continue vancomycin started empirically even when methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) strains are identified(More)
BACKGROUND Acinetobacter baumannii has recently emerged as a significant global pathogen, with a surprisingly rapid acquisition of antibiotic resistance and spread within hospitals and health care institutions. This study examines the genomic content of three A. baumannii strains isolated from distinct body sites. Isolates from blood, peri-anal, and wound(More)
BACKGROUND Appropriate empiric therapy, antibiotic therapy with in vitro activity to the infecting organism given prior to confirmed culture results, may improve Staphylococcus aureus outcomes. We aimed to measure the clinical impact of appropriate empiric antibiotic therapy on mortality, while statistically adjusting for comorbidities, severity of illness(More)
A transient bilateral population of cells immediately rostral to the ferret corpus callosum was examined at weekly intervals between embryonic day 28 and postnatal day 7. This region is tentatively identified as the medial forebrain apoptosis zone (MFAZ) because of the specific nature of cell death, and the limited area or zone in which it was observed. No(More)
IMPORTANCE Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are associated with increased patient morbidity and mortality. It is unknown whether wearing gloves and gowns for all patient contact in the intensive care unit (ICU) decreases acquisition of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. OBJECTIVE To assess whether wearing gloves and gowns for all patient contact in the ICU(More)
About 20% of adults are persistently colonized with S. aureus in the anterior nares. Host genetic factors could contribute susceptibility to this phenotype. The objective of this study was to determine whether the phenotype of persistent S. aureus colonization aggregates in family members who live in different households. Healthy adults and their eligible(More)
BACKGROUND HIV patients are at increased risk of development of infections and infection-associated poor health outcomes. We aimed to 1) assess the prevalence of USA300 community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) among HIV-infected patients with S. aureus bloodstream infections and. 2) determine risk factors for infective(More)
Radial glia are present at the earliest stage of cerebral cortical development, and later they transform into astrocytes. Other glial cells including astrocytes and oligodendrocytes are thought to appear only after neuron generation is complete and the cortical layers are formed. Little is known of when and where microglia enter the central nervous system(More)
Increased cupping of the optic disc is considered to be an indication of pressure-related damage of the optic nerve. This paper explores the relationship of intraocular pressure and cupping in persons with diabetes mellitus, a group of people whose optic nerves may be more susceptible to the effects of intraocular pressure. Stereoscopic fundus photographs(More)