Jennifer K. Carroll

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BACKGROUND There is currently a lack of information about the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals from primary research. OBJECTIVE To review the current published literature to identify the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health(More)
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most prevalent symptoms patients with cancer experience, both during and after treatment. CRF is pervasive and affects patients' quality of life considerably. It is important, therefore, to understand the underlying pathophysiology of CRF in order to develop useful strategies for prevention and treatment. At(More)
To examine the various concerns of patients after being diagnosed with cancer as well as the availability of information to address concerns from the time of diagnosis to the completion of treatment, we analyzed data from a longitudinal study of 731 adults recently diagnosed with cancer. Concerns about the effectiveness and side effects of treatment and(More)
A cute pancreatitis is a reversible inflammatory process of the pan-creas. Although the disease process may be limited to pancreatic tissue , it also can involve peripancreatic tissues or more distant organ sites. Acute pancreatitis may occur as an isolated attack or may be recurrent. It has a variety of causes and can range in severity from mild to severe(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer health disparities affecting low-income and minority patients are well documented. Root-causes are multifactorial, including diagnostic and treatment delays, social and financial barriers, and poor communication. Patient navigation and communication coaching (activation) are potential interventions to address disparities in cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand how physicians communicate may contribute to the mistrust and poor clinical outcomes observed in patients who present with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). METHODS After providing informed consent, 100 primary care physicians in greater Rochester, New York, were visited by two unannounced covert standardized patients (actors,(More)
INTRODUCTION Limited time and lack of knowledge are barriers to physical activity counseling in primary care. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a clinician-targeted intervention that used the 5As (Ask, Advise, Agree, Assist, Arrange) approach to physical activity counseling in a medically underserved patient population. (More)
Agricultural lignocellulosic waste such as corn stover is a potential source of inexpensive, abundant, and renewable biomass for the production of bioethanol. The enzymatic process for the economically viable breakdown of cellulose to ethanol relies on the availability of inexpensive microbial cellulases. Although the cost of cellulase has decreased in(More)
Efficient hydrolysis of cellulosic biomass into free sugars for the production of bioethanol would allow utilization of an abundant and renewable natural resource. However, complex microcrystalline cellulose in biomass resists digestion. A preferred method to deconstruct cellulose is using enzyme cocktails, but the presence of multiple enzymes with(More)
BACKGROUND The present study protocol describes the trial design of a clinician training intervention to improve physical activity counseling in underserved primary care settings using the 5As. The 5As (Ask, Advise, Agree, Assist, Arrange) are a clinical tool recommended for health behavior counseling in primary care. METHODS/DESIGN The study is a two-arm(More)