Jennifer Jury

Learn More
BACKGROUND & AIMS Alterations in the microbial composition of the gastrointestinal tract (dysbiosis) are believed to contribute to inflammatory and functional bowel disorders and psychiatric comorbidities. We examined whether the intestinal microbiota affects behavior and brain biochemistry in mice. METHODS Specific pathogen-free (SPF) BALB/c mice, with(More)
BACKGROUND We previously showed that neonatal maternal separation (MS) of rat pups causes immediate and long-term changes in intestinal physiology. AIM To examine if administration of probiotics affects MS-induced gut dysfunction. METHODS MS pups were separated from the dam for 3 h/day from days 4 to 19; non-separated (NS) pups served as controls. Twice(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly used classes of drugs, with the former frequently coprescribed to reduce gastroduodenal injury caused by the latter. However, suppression of gastric acid secretion by PPIs is unlikely to provide any protection against the damage(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chronic psychological stress, including water avoidance stress (WAS), induces intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction and impairs mucosal defences against luminal bacteria. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of a defined probiotic regimen to prevent WAS induced intestinal pathophysiology. METHODS Male rats were subjected(More)
Neonatal maternal separation (MS) predisposes adult rats to develop stress-induced mucosal barrier dysfunction/visceral hypersensitivity and rat pups to develop colonic epithelial dysfunction. Our aim was to examine if enhanced epithelial permeability in such pups resulted from abnormal regulation by enteric nerves. Pups were separated from the dam for 3(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that the final mediator of nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) inhibitory junction potentials (ijps) and associated relaxation responses was nitric oxide (NO) or a related substance and not vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). We used opossum esophagus body circular muscle and canine intestine circular muscle. In both(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) pace gastrointestinal phasic activity and transmit nerve activity. Gap junctions may couple these cells to smooth muscle, but no functional evidence exists. The objective of this study was to use uncouplers of gap junctions, 18 alpha-glycyrrhetenic acid and its water-soluble analogue carbenoxolone, to evaluate if gap(More)
Previous studies have shown that early life stress in the form of intermittent maternal separation (MS) predisposes adult rats to develop stress-induced intestinal mucosal dysfunction and visceral hypersensitivity. However, the mechanism involved in the functional abnormalities is unclear. Our aim was to study immature animals during or shortly after(More)
This study examined the role of nitric oxide (NO) in tonic inhibition of motor activity in isolated, perfused canine ileal segments. Brief addition of N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) to the perfusate caused, after a delay, a concentration-dependent persistent increase in tonic and phasic activity of circular muscle. This increased motor(More)
Immunochemical studies with light microscopy, confocal microscopy, and electron microscopy were used to examine proteins associated with caveolin (Cav) in canine lower esophageal sphincter. The main Cav was Cav-1. It appeared to be colocalized at the cell periphery, in punctate sites, with immunoreactivity to antibodies against different COOH- and(More)